Southern School Whiting, Sillago bassensis Cuvier 1829

Other Names: Bass Strait Whiting, Red Spot Whiting, Sand Whiting, School Whiting, Silver Whiting, Transparent Whiting, Trawl Whiting, Weedy Whiting, Western School Sillago, Western School Whiting

Southern School Whiting, Sillago bassensis. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Sillago bassensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Apr 2024,

Southern School Whiting, Sillago bassensis Cuvier 1829

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Eastern Victoria to Geraldton, Western Australia.


Feed on crustaceans, including amphipods, decapods, mysids and copepods. Juveniles consume mostly copepods.

Species Citation

Sillago bassensis Cuvier, in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 3: 412. Type locality: Western Port, Bass Strait, Victoria (as Port Western).


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Southern School Whiting, Sillago bassensis Cuvier 1829


Bruce, B.D. 1995. Larval development of King George whiting, Sillaginodes punctata, school whiting, Sillago bassensis, and yellow fin whiting, Sillago schomburgkii (Percoidei: Sillaginidae), from South Australian waters. Fishery Bulletin 93: 27-43. See ref online, open access

Burchmore, J.J., Pollard, D.A., Middleton, M.J., Bell, J.D. & Pease, B.C. 1988. Biology of four species of whiting (Pisces: Sillaginidae) in Botany Bay, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39(6): 709-727.

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1829. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 3 500 pp., pls 41-71. 
Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Epigonidae, Howellidae and Sillaginidae. pp. 561-569 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. 

Hyndes, G.A. & Potter, I.C. 1996. Comparisons between the age structures, growth and reproductive biology of two co-occurring sillaganids, Sillago robusta and S. bassensis, in temperate coastal waters of Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 49(1): 14-32.

Hyndes, G.A., Potter, I.C. & Lenanton, R.C.J. 1996. Habitat partitioning by whiting species (Sillaginidae) in coastal waters. Environmental Biology of Fishes 45(1): 21-40.

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

McKay, R.J. 1985. A revision of the fishes of the family Sillaginidae. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 22(1): 1-73 figs 1-18 

McKay, R.J. 1992. FAO Species Catalog. Sillaginid fishes of the world (Family Sillaginidae) an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the Sillago, smelt of the Indo-Pacific whiting species. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 14. 1-87 pp. 

Neira, F.J., Miskiewicz, A.G. & Trnski, T. 1998. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. Nedlands, Western Australia : University of Western Australia press 474 pp.

Platell, M.E. & Potter, I.C. 2001. Partitioning of food resources amongst 18 abundant benthic carnivorous fish species in marine waters on the lower west coast of Australia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 261(1): 31-54.

Richardson, J. 1842. Contributions to the ichthyology of Australia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History ns 9(56): 120-131 

Scott, T.D. 1994. Family Sillaginidae. pp. 572-577 figs 507-511 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs. 

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37330002

Depth:1-55 m

Habitat:Sandy areas


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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map