Western Trumpeter Whiting, Sillago burrus Richardson 1842

Other Names: Western Trumpeter Sillago

A Western Trumpeter Whiting, Sillago burrus, at Coogee Beach, Perth region, Western Australia, March 2019 - at night. Source: Glen Whisson / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A whiting with a series of brown oblique blotches along the midside overlayoing a silvery midlateral stripe, smaller oblique bars along the upper side, and a black spot on the pectoral-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Sillago burrus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/3700

Western Trumpeter Whiting, Sillago burrus Richardson 1842

More Info


Mandurah, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Hinchinbrook Island, Queensland, and possibly south to Mackay. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west Pacific (New Guinea and Indonesia).
Inhabits inshore muddy and silty areas.


Dorsal fin XII + 19-21; Anal fin II, 18-20; Vertebrae 34-36. Swim bladder with four anterolateral extensions.


Of minor commercial importance.

Species Citation

Sillago burrus Richardson 1842, Annals and Magazine of Natural History ns 9(56): 128. Type locality: Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia (neotype).


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Western Trumpeter Whiting, Sillago burrus Richardson 1842


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Sillago maculata burrus)

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. (as Sillago maculata burrus)

Hyndes, G.A., Platell, M.E. & Potter, I.C. 1997. Relationships between diet and body size, mouth morphology, habitat and movements of six sillaginid species in coastal waters: implications for resource partitioning. Marine Biology 128: 585-598.

Hyndes, G.A. & Potter, I.C. 1997. Age, growth and reproduction of Sillago schomburgkii in south-western Australian, nearshore waters and comparisons of life history styles of a suite of Sillago species. Environmental Biology of Fishes 49(4): 435-447. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007357410143

Hyndes, G.A., Potter, I.C. & Hesp, S.A. 1996. Relationships between the movements, growth, age structures, and reproductive biology of the teleosts Sillago burrus and S. vittata in temperate marine waters. Marine Biology 126: 549-558. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00354637

Hyndes, G.A., I.C. Potter, I.C. & Lenanton, R.J.C. 1996. Habitat partitioning by whiting species (Sillaginidae) in coastal waters. Environmental Biology of Fishes 45: 21–40. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00000625

Kaga, T. 2013. Phylogenetic systematics of the family Sillaginidae (Percomorpha: order Perciformes). Zootaxa 3642 (no. 1): 1-105.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. (as Sillago maculata burrus)

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

McKay, R.J. 1985. A revision of the fishes of the family Sillaginidae. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 22(1): 1-73 figs 1-18 (as Sillago (Parasillago) maculata burrus)

McKay, R.J. 1992. FAO Species Catalog. Sillaginid fishes of the world (Family Sillaginidae) an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the Sillago, smelt of the Indo-Pacific whiting species. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 14. 1-87 pp. 

McKay, R.J. 1999. Family Sillaginidae. pp. 2614-2629 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Platell, M.E. & Potter, I.C. 2001. Partitioning of food resources amongst 18 abundant benthic carnivorous fish species in marine waters on the lower west coast of Australia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 261: 31-54.

Richardson, J. 1842. Contributions to the ichthyology of Australia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History ns 9(56): 120-131 See ref at BHL

Whitley, G.P. 1948. A list of the fishes of Western Australia. Western Australia Fish Department. Fisheries Bulletin 2: 1-35 (as Sillago maculata burra)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37330004

Depth:0-36 m

Habitat:Muddy/sitly areas

Max Size:36 cm SL

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CAAB distribution map