Bluespotted Trevally, Caranx bucculentus Alleyne & Macleay 1877

Other Names: Blue-spotted Trevally, Wide-mouthed Trevally

Bluespotted Trevally, Caranx bucculentus, at Cape Preston, Western Australia, May 2016. Source: Tony Ayling / License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A distinctive trevally with a very short, strongly arched, curved lateral line and the straight part of the lateral line with enlarged scutes commencing below the first dorsal fin. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2023, Caranx bucculentus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jun 2024,

Bluespotted Trevally, Caranx bucculentus Alleyne & Macleay 1877

More Info


Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, to Bustard Bay, Queensland, and possibly further south to Moreton Bay. Elsewhere the species occurs in the East-Indo-west Pacific, from Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and north to Japan..
Bluespotted Trevally inhabit inshore sandy areas, and are common in prawn trawl habitats in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland. Juveniles often occur in the lower parts of estuaries.


Feeds mainly benthic crustaceans and bony fishes.


Individuals reach sexual maturity at about 11 cm standard length (SL) and about one year of age. Recruitment occurs year-round.


This species is considered to be an excellent sports fish, and is taken by recreational fishers on hook-and-line.
Bluespotted Trevally are commonly caught as by-catch in prawn trawl fisheries in northern Australia. By-catch management actions for this fishery includes the mandatory use of turtle exclusion and by-catch reduction devices.


The specific name is from the Latin  bucculentus (= with full cheeks) presumably in reference to the large mouth described as the “maxillary extending to the vertical from behind the middle of the eye”.

Species Citation

Caranx bucculentus Alleyne & Macleay 1877, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 1(3–4): .326, pl. 11(1). Type locality: Cape Grenville, Queensland.


Bray, D.J. 2023


Atlas of Living Australia

Bluespotted Trevally, Caranx bucculentus Alleyne & Macleay 1877


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Alleyne, H.G. & Macleay, W.J. 1877. The ichthyology of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1(3–4): 261-281, 321-359, pls 3-9, 10-17 See ref at BHL

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Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337016

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3-87 m

Fishing:Recreational fish

Habitat:Inshore sandy areas

Max Size:66 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map