Humphead Whiptail, Coryphaenoides filicauda Günther 1878

Other Names: Grenadier

Humphead Whiptail, Coryphaenoides filicauda. Source: NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: All rights reserved

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Coryphaenoides filicauda in Fishes of Australia, accessed 09 Dec 2023,

Humphead Whiptail, Coryphaenoides filicauda Günther 1878

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East of Tuncurry, New South Wales, to south of Bruny Island, Tasmania, also Lord Howe Rise, Tasman Sea, and just south of Macquarie Island in AUS territorial waters. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal in the Southern Hemisphere. 

Primarily an abyssal bathypelagic species on the continental slope and continental rise at depths of 990-5100 m, mostly in 3500-5000+ m.


Dorsal fin II, 8-10; Pectoral fin i16-i19; Pelvic fin 9-10; Gill rakers (total, outer/inner series) 3-6/9-10; Pyloric caecae 6-8.
Head without stout ridges of modified scales; snout long, pointed, tip and lateral angles of snout armed with small tubercular scales with upturned spinules, otherwise naked; mouth large, upper jaw long, reaching hind margin of orbit; upper jaw teeth in narrow band, outer series slightly enlarged, lower jaw teeth in narrow band tapering to one row posteriorly; outer gill slit not restricted, outer gill rakers of first arch, few, weakly developed; chin barbel short, thin. 

Spinous ray of first dorsal fin elongate, leading edge with few or no serrations; pectoral fin relatively long, rays fine, none thickened or notably prolonged beyond others, outer pelvic ray slightly produced. 

Body scales large, deciduous, spinules on exposed field reduced or lacking; anus just before anal fin origin, light organ absent.


to about 41 cm TL


in alcohol; overall pale to brownish, flesh translucent over anal pterygiophores; blackish over abdomen, operculum, and somewhat dusky on underside of head; fins pale except for blackish spinous ray of first dorsal, uppermost ray of pectoral, and outer ray of pelvic.



Species Citation

Coryphaenoides filicauda Günther 1878, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5)2(2): 27. Type locality: Off Valparaíso, Chile, 33°32'S, 74°43'W


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Humphead Whiptail, Coryphaenoides filicauda Günther 1878


Günther, A. 1878. Preliminary notices of deep-sea fishes collected during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 5 2(2, 22, 28): 17-28, 179-187, 248-251 

Iwamoto, T. 1990. Family Macrouridae. pp. 90-318 in Cohen, D.M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T. & Scialabba, N. FAO Species Catalogue. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 10 442 pp. 

Iwamoto, T. 1990. Macrouridae. pp. 192-206 in Gon, O. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown : J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 462 pp.

Iwamoto, T. & Graham, K.J. 2001. Grenadiers (Families Bathygadidae and Macrouridae, Gadiformes, Pisces) of New South Wales, Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 52(21): 407-509, figs. 1-114 [p. 463] (and p. 460 as Coryphaenoides carapinus)

Iwamoto, T. & McMillan, P.J. 2008. Family Macrouridae. pp. 320-347 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Iwamoto, T. & Y.I. Sazonov. 1988. A review of the southeastern Pacific Coryphaenoides (sensu lato) (Pisces, Gadiformes, Macrouridae). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 45(3): 35-82, figs. 1-9.

McMillan, P.J. & Iwamoto, T. 2015. 103 Family Macrouridae, pp. 747-827, in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 3 pp. 577-1152.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37232049

Biology:No light organ

Depth:1540-2000 m


Max Size:41 cm TL

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