Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner 1879)


Other Names: Filamentfinned Parrotfish, Filament-finned Parrotfish, High-fin Parrotfish, Highfinned Parrotfish, Minifin Parrotfish

A juvenile Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis, at Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Source: Graham Edgar / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:
Males (terminal phase) are greenish posteriorly with two bluish-green bars on the chin, spots and lines around the eye and on the gill cover, and a lunate tails with a slightly elongated filament in the middle. Females (initial phase) area brownish with scattered white spots, and juveniles have a striped to mottled body with a distinctive yellow head.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Scarus altipinnis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 Jan 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/399

Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner 1879)

More Info


Distribution

Northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea, to at least Sydney, New South Wales; also Lord Howe Island, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs on the tropical, west-central Pacific.

Species Citation

Pseudoscarus altipinnis Steindachner 1879, Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Wien 41(2): 18. Type locality: Kingsmill Islands (= Gilbert Islands), Hawaiian Islands.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner 1879)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 

Bellwood, D.R. 1994. A phylogenetic study of the parrotfishes family Scaridae (Pisces: Labroidei), with a revision of genera. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 20: 1-86

Bellwood, D.R. 2001. Scaridae. pp. 3468-3492 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Bellwood, D.R. & Choat, J.H. 1990. A functional analysis of grazing in parrotfishes (family Scaridae): the ecological implications. Environmental Biology of Fishes 28: 189-214.

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp. 

Choat, J.H. & Randall, J.E. 1986. A review of the parrotfishes (Family Scaridae) of the Great Barrier Reef of Australia with description of a new species. Records of the Australian Museum 38: 175-228 

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.). Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Myers, R., Russell, B., Choat, J.H., Clements, K.D., Rocha, L.A., Lazuardi, M.E., Muljadi, A., Pardede, S. & Rahardjo, P. 2012. Scarus altipinnis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T190726A17782740. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T190726A17782740.en. Downloaded on 03 October 2018.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 

Smith, L.L., Fessler, J.L., Alfaro, M.E., Streelman, J.T. & Westneat, M.W. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships and the evolution of regulatory gene sequences in the parrotfishes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 136-152.  

Steindachner, F. 1879. Über einige neue und seltene Fischarten aus den k.k. Zoologischen Museen zu Wien, Stuttgart und Warschau. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Wien 41(2): 1-52 figs 1-9

Westneat, M.W. & Alfaro, M.E. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of the reef fish family Labridae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 370–390.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37386010

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-50 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:60 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map