Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner 1879)


Other Names: Filament Finned Parrotfish, , Filament Parrot, Filament-fin Parrotfish, Filament-finned Parrot Fish, Filamentfinned Parrotfish, Filament-finned Parrotfish, Green-beak Parrotfish, Green-billed Parrot, High-fin Parrotfish, Highfinned Parrotfish, Minifin Parrotfish

A male (terminal phase) Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis, on the Great Barrier Reef off Cairns, Queensland, February 2005. Source: Leonard Low / Wikimedia Commons. License: CC by Attribution-ShareAlike

Summary:
Males (terminal phase) are greenish posteriorly with two bluish-green bars on the chin, and spots and lines around the eye, on the cheek and gill cover. Females (initial phase) area brownish with scattered white spots, and small juveniles have a striped to mottled body with a distinctive yellow head.
Adults have a slightly elongated filament on the middle of the dorsal fin, and a lunate tail.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Scarus altipinnis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 04 Dec 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/399

Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner 1879)

More Info


Distribution

Northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea, to Batemans Bay, New South Wales; also Lord Howe Island, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs on the tropical, west-central Pacific.

Feeding

Feeds mainly on algae.

Similar Species

Although the initial phase ofthe Greencheek Parrotfish, Scarus prasiognathos, is similar to the that of the Mini-fin Parrotfish, terminal phase males differ in having a large green patch on the throat, and also have no elongated spine in the middle of the dorsal fin.

Etymology

The specific name altipinnis is from the Latin altus (= high) and pinna (= fin) in reference to the slightly elongated ray a slightly elongated middle ray in the dorsal fin of terminal phase males

Species Citation

Pseudoscarus altipinnis Steindachner 1879, Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Wien 41(2): 18. Type locality: Kingsmill Islands (= Gilbert Islands), and Hawaiian Islands.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Mini-fin Parrotfish, Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner 1879)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 

Bellwood, D.R. 1994. A phylogenetic study of the parrotfishes family Scaridae (Pisces: Labroidei), with a revision of genera. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 20: 1-86

Bellwood, D.R. 1985. The functional morphology, systematics and behavioural ecology of parrotfishes (Family Scaridae), Ph.D. thesis, James Cook University, Townsville. 

Bellwood, D.R. 2001. Scaridae. pp. 3468-3492 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Bellwood, D.R. & Choat, J.H. 1989. A description of the juvenile phase colour patterns of 24 parrotfish species (Family Scaridae) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Records of the Australian Museum 41: 1-41.

Bellwood, D.R. & Choat, J.H. 1990. A functional analysis of grazing in parrotfishes (family Scaridae): the ecological implications. Environmental Biology of Fishes 28: 189-214.

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp. 

Choat, J.H. & Randall, J.E. 1986. A review of the parrotfishes (Family Scaridae) of the Great Barrier Reef of Australia with description of a new species. Records of the Australian Museum 38: 175-228 

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Francis, M.P. 2019. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Version: 2019.2 figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4428305.v2

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.). Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Myers, R., Russell, B., Choat, J.H., Clements, K.D., Rocha, L.A., Lazuardi, M.E., Muljadi, A., Pardede, S. & Rahardjo, P. 2012. Scarus altipinnis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T190726A17782740. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T190726A17782740.en. Downloaded on 03 October 2018.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 

Smith, L.L., Fessler, J.L., Alfaro, M.E., Streelman, J.T. & Westneat, M.W. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships and the evolution of regulatory gene sequences in the parrotfishes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 136-152.  

Steindachner, F. 1879. Über einige neue und seltene Fischarten aus den k.k. Zoologischen Museen zu Wien, Stuttgart und Warschau. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Wien 41(2): 1-52 figs 1-9

Westneat, M.W. & Alfaro, M.E. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of the reef fish family Labridae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 370–390.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37386010

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-50 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:60 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map