Onion Trevally, Carangoides coeruleopinnatus (Rüppell 1830)

Other Names: Blue-spined Trevally, Coastal Trevally, Diverse Trevally, Japanese Trevally, Malabar Trevally, Onion-ring Trevally

An Onion Trevally, Carangoides coeruleopinnatus, in Lembeh Strait, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Source: Jim Greenfield / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A silvery grey trevally often with five indistinct darker bars and scattered yellow spots on sides, a small black blotch on the upper part of the gill cover, and no scales on the breast to beyond the origin of the pelvic fins. Juveniles have a filamentous lobe on the second dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Carangoides coeruleopinnatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4257

Onion Trevally, Carangoides coeruleopinnatus (Rüppell 1830)

More Info


Recorded in Australia from off Exmouth Gulf, WA, to off Newcastle, NSW. the species occurs elsewhere in the tropical Indo-west Pacific.
Adults inhabit deep coastal reefs, and usually occur in small groups over sand areas near reefs.

Species Citation

Caranx caeruleopinnatus Rüppell, 1830, Fische des Rothen Meeres 3: 100, 142.Type locality: Jedda, Saudia Arabia (as Djedda), Red Sea


Dianne J. Bray

Onion Trevally, Carangoides coeruleopinnatus (Rüppell 1830)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Blaber, S.J.M., D.T. Brewer & A.N. Harris. 1994. Distribution, biomass and community structure of demersal fishes of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Australian Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research 45(3): 375-396.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. (p. 314, as Carangoides uii)

Gunn, J.S. 1990. A revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 12: 1-77.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. (also in part as Carangoides uii, p. 160)

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (also in part as Carangoides uii, p. 158)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Rüppell, W.P.E. 1830. Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Afrika. Fische des Rothen Meeres. 3. Frankfurt : H.L. Brünner 95-141 pls 25-35.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1984. Carangidae. pp. 1–12, 130 unnumbered pages, figs in Fischer, W. & Bianchi, G. (eds) FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Rome : FAO Vol. 1. (in part as Carangoides uii)

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Whitley, G.P. 1940. Illustrations of some Australian fishes. The Australian Zoologist 9(4): 397-428 figs 1-45 pls 30-31 (p. 421, described as Citula diversa)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337021

Depth:1-60 m

Fishing:Minor commercial & gamefish

Habitat:Reef associated, sandy areas

Max Size:41 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map