Turrum, Carangoides fulvoguttatus (Forsskål 1775)

Other Names: Albacore, Embury's Turrum, Gold Spotted Trevally, Gold-spotted Trevally, Yellow Spotted Trevally, Yellow-dotted Trevally, Yellowspotted Trevally, Yellow-spotted Trevally

A Turrum, Carangoides fulvoguttatus, off Townsville, Queensland, July 2020. Source: @kopper / iNaturalist.org. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A bluish-green trevally becoming silver below, with many small golden spots on the upper two thirds of the body, dark blotches along the lateral line, dusky yellow soft dorsal, anal, pectoral and caudal fins, anterior anal-fin rays white, and white pelvic fins. Juvenile (smaller than 100-120 mm LCF) are uniformly silvery-grey, with a few golden spots.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Carangoides fulvoguttatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4261

Turrum, Carangoides fulvoguttatus (Forsskål 1775)

More Info


Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia, and Scott Reef, and Ashmore and Cartier Islands, around the tropical north to off the Clarence River, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species is common and widespread in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific. Inhabits rocky and coral reef areas to depths of 100 m, also seagrass beds, often in small to large schools.


Dorsal fin VIII+I,25-29; Anal fin II+I,22-24; Gill rakers 6-7 + 17-18 = 24-25; Scutes weak, 14-20.
Naked area on breast generally extends approximately half way to pectoral-fin base; curved lateral line gently to moderately arched.


Juvenile (smaller than 100-120 mm LCF) uniformly silvery-grey, with a few golden spots. Larger individuals bluish-green above, silver below, with many yellow to golden spots on upper two thirds of body, dark blotches along the lateral line, the black spot on operculum inconspicuous or absent; soft dorsal and anal fins dusky yellow, anterior anal-fin rays white; pectoral and caudal fins dusky yellow; pelvic fins white. 


Feeds on invertebrates and fishes.


A popular sportsfish.

Species Citation

Scomber fulvoguttatus Forskål 1775, Descriptiones Animalium: 56. Type locality: Red Sea.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Turrum, Carangoides fulvoguttatus (Forsskål 1775)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Coleman, N. 1981. Australian Sea Fishes North of 30°S. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 297 pp.

Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris rubri geographica. Hauniae [=Copenhagen] : Mölleri 19 xxxiv [2] 164 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Gunn, J.S. 1990. A revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 12: 1-77

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide. Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp.

Prokop, F. 2002. Australian Fish Guide. Croydon South, Victoria : Australian Fishing Network 256 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Carangoides fulvoguttatus. (errata version published in 2017) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T20429462A115373553. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T20429462A46664069.en. Downloaded on 23 July 2017.

Whitley, G.P. 1932. Studies in Ichthyology No. 6. Records of the Australian Museum 18(6): 321-348 figs 1-3 pls 36-39 (as Turrum emburyi)

Whitley, G.P. 1947. New sharks and fishes from Western Australia. Part 3. The Australian Zoologist 11(2): 129-150 figs 1-3 pl. 11 (as Ferdauia claeszooni)

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337037

Depth:0-100 m

Fishing:Popular with anglers

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:1.3 m

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CAAB distribution map