Epaulette Trevally, Carangichthys humerosus (McCulloch 1915)

Other Names: Dusky Shoulder Trevally, Epaulet Trevally

Epaulette Trevally, Carangoides humerosus. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A realtively small trevally This species was previously known as Carangoides humerosus.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Carangichthys humerosus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Feb 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4264

Epaulette Trevally, Carangichthys humerosus (McCulloch 1915)

More Info


Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia, to Moreton Bay, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in Sulawesi, Indonesia and southern Papua New Guinea. Inhabits sandy areas and reefs in coastal waters, venturing into bays and mangrove-lined creeks.


Feeds on a range of demersal fishes, crustaceans, and cephalopods.


Taken as bycatch in prawn trawl fisheries.

Species Citation

Caranx humerosus McCulloch 1915, Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-1914 3(3): 137, pl. 25. Type locality: off Bustard Head Light, Queensland.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Epaulette Trevally, Carangichthys humerosus (McCulloch 1915)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Carangoides humerosus)

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. (as Carangoides humerosus)

Brewer, D.T., Blaber, S.J.M., Salini, J.P. & Farmer, M.J. 1995. Feeding ecology of predatory fishes from Groote Eylandt in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, with special reference to predation on penaeid prawns. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 40 (5): 577–600.  https://doi.org/10.1006/ecss.1995.0039

Brewer, D.T., Blaber, S.J.M. & Salini, J.P. 1991. Predation on penaeid prawns by fishes in Albatross Bay, Gulf of Carpentaria. Marine Biology 109(2): 231–240. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01319391 (as Carangoides humerosus

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. (as Carangoides humerosus)

Gunn, J.S. 1990. A revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 12: 1-77 (as Carangoides humerosus)

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) (as Carangoides humerosus)

Kimura, S., Takeuchi, S. & Yadome, T. 2022. Generic revision of the species formerly belonging to the genus Carangoides and its related genera (Carangiformes: Carangidae), Ichthyological Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-021-00850-1

McCulloch, A.R. 1915. Report on some fishes obtained by the F.I.S. Endeavour on the coasts of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South and South-Western Australia. Part 3. Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-1914 3(3): 97-170 figs 1-3 pls 13-37 (as Carangoides humerosus)

Ramm, D.C., Pender, P.J., Willing, R.S. & Buckworth, R.C. 1990. Large-scale spatial patterns of abundance within the assemblage of fish caught by prawn trawlers in Northern Australian waters. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 41(1): 79-95. (as Carangoides humerosus

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (as Carangoides humerosus

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (as Carangoides humerosus

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. (as Carangoides humerosus)

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. (as Carangoides humerosus)

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Carangoides humerosus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T20429793A115374804. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T20429793A67871545.en. Accessed on 23 September 2022.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337031

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-50 m

Habitat:Coastal waters

Max Size:25 cm FL

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CAAB distribution map