Golden Trevally, Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775)

Other Names: Banded Trevally, King Trevally

Golden Trevally, Gnathanodon speciosus, at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

Adults are silvery grey, with black spots or blotches scattered on sides, and often faint bands. Juveniles and subadults are bright yellow with narrow blackish bars on head and sides, the first through the eye.

Often school around sharks and other larger fishes. Juveniles often protect themselves from predators by "piloting" sharks, other large fishes and turtles. Small juveniles often shelter amongst jellyfish tentacles.

Video of a juvenile Golden Trevally sheltering near a turtle.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Gnathanodon speciosus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024,

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337012

Depth:0-78 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational, aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:120 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map