Silver Trevally, Pseudocaranx georgianus (Cuvier 1833)

Other Names: Araara, Blue Trevally, Blurter, Bruised-face Trevally, Jack, Ranger, Silver Bream, Skipjack Trevally, Skippy, Trevally, White Trevally

A Silver Trevally, Pseudocaranx georgianus, in the Solitary Islands, New South Wales. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC By Attribution


Greenish-blue above, silvery below, with a rather large diffuse black spot on the upper margin of the gill cover. Juveniles and sub-adults usually have a yellow mid-lateral stripe and a faint yellow stripe along the bases of the dorsal and anal fins.

Video of a school of Silver Trevally at Bawley Point, New South Wales. 

School of Silver Trevally in Cabbage Tree Bay, New South Wales.

This species was previously confused with Pseudocaranx dentex.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Pseudocaranx georgianus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 Jan 2020,

Silver Trevally, Pseudocaranx georgianus (Cuvier 1833)

More Info


Found in southern Australia from north of Sydney, New South Wales, to just north of Perth, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in New Zealand. Inhabits coastal waters and bays, often near rocky areas, in depths of 0-200 m.


Dorsal fin VIII + I, 25-28; Anal fin II; I, 21-24; Caudal fin 17; Pectoral fin 18-20; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral line 73-95 (scales) + 16-27 (scutes); Gill rakers 8-11 + 20-23.

Body deep, oval, compressed, tail base very slender; pectoral fins long, slender, scythe-like, reaching almost to straight part of lateral line; enlarged bony scales present at rear end of lateral line; hind margin of upper jaw nearly vertical; scales absent below and before eye.


Greenish-blue above, silvery below, with a rather large diffuse black spot on upper margin of gill cover; juveniles and subadults usually with a yellow mid-lateral stripe and a faint yellow stripe along dorsal and anal-fin bases.


The silver trevally is frequently sold in markets, especially in the Victorian region, and is considered to have a flesh of excellent flavour.


Until 2006, this trevally was confused with the widely distributed anti-tropical species Pseudocaranx dentex (Bloch and Schneider). Smith-Vaniz & Jelks (2006) recognized P. georgianus as a valid species. It co-occurs with P. wrighti throughout most of its range except northwestern Australia where P. dinjerra occurs, and in Queensland and Lord Howe Island by what may be different species, tentatively identified as P. sp "dentex", which has more gill rakers among other characters. 

Species Citation

Caranx georgianus Cuvier 1833, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 9: 85. Type locality: King George Sound, Western Australia.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Silver Trevally, Pseudocaranx georgianus (Cuvier 1833)


Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1833. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 9 512 pp. pls 246-279.

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Carangidae. pp. 582-590 figs 516-522 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. (as Pseudocaranx dentex)

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement46: 1-66 figs 1-6 (p.47, as Pseudocaranx dentex in part)

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. (p.80, as Pseudocaranx dentex in part)

James, G.D. & Stephenson, A.B. 1974. Caranx georgianus Cuvier, 1833 (Pisces, Carangidae) in temperate Australasian waters. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 4(4): 401-410 figs 1-5

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. (as as Pseudocaranx dentex)

Macleay, W.J. 1881. Descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part 2. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 5(4): 510-629 pls 13-14 (as Caranx nobilis)

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp. (as as Pseudocaranx dentex)

Roughley, T.C. 1951. Fish and Fisheries of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 343 pp. (as Usacaranx georgianus)

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs. (as Usacaranx georgianus)

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.  (p.2370,  (as Pseudocaranx dentex in part, southern Australia)

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 2008. Family Carangidae. pp. 575-581 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Jelks, H.L. 2006. Australian trevallies of the genus Pseudocaranx (Teleostei: Carangidae), with description of a new species from Western Australia. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 63(1): 97-106 (as Pseudocaranxsp. "dentex") DOI, open access

Whitley, G.P. 1937. The Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, South Pacific Ocean. The Australian Zoologist 8(4): 199-231 figs 13-14 (as Usacaranx georgianus)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337062

Depth:0-200 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:94 cm

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