Lesser Queenfish, Scomberoides lysan (Forsskål 1775)

Other Names: Doublespotted Queenfish, Double-spotted Queenfish, Giant Dart, Large-mouthed Leatherskin, Leatherskin, Queenfish, Skinny Fish, Skinnyfish, St. Peter's Leatherskin, White Fish, Whitefish

Lesser Queenfish, Scomberoides lysan, on Hicks Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Source: Anne Hoggett / Lizard Island Field Guide http://lifg.australianmuseum.net.au/Hierarchy.html. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

A queenfish with two rows of 6-8 dusky blotches along the side (one row above and one below the lateral line), and a dark patch on the outer rays of the second dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Scomberoides lysan in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4282

Lesser Queenfish, Scomberoides lysan (Forsskål 1775)

More Info


Exmouth and offshore reefs ( Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs), Western Australia, to about Sydney, New South Wales; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea.. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical Indo-west-central Pacific.
Adults inhabit clear lagoon and seaward reefs, while juveniles often occur in shallow inshore areas, including estuaries.


Feeds mostly on small bony fishes and crustaceans.


Targeted by commercial and recreational fishers.


Juveniles sometimes feed on the scales and skin tissue of other fishes. This is the queenfish species most frequently encountered by divers.

Similar Species

Differs from other species of Scomberoides in having the combination of two rows of dark spots or blotches along sides, the upper jaw extending to or slightly beyond the rear of the eye, and the breast scales on the middle of the body below the lateral line are partly embedded and sharply lanceolate (spear or lance-shaped).

Species Citation

Scomber lysan Forsskål 1775, Descriptiones animalium: 54. Type locality: Jidda (as Djedda), Saudi Arabia or Luhaiya (as Lohaja), Yemen, Red. 


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Lesser Queenfish, Scomberoides lysan (Forsskål 1775)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.
Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.). Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Blaber, S.J.M. 1980. Fish of the Trinity Inlet System of North Queensland with notes on the ecology of fish faunas of tropical Indo-Pacific estuaries. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 31: 137-46.

Blaber, S.J.M. 1997. Fish and fisheries of tropical estuaries. Fish and Fisheries Ser. 22, Chapman and Hall, London. 367 pp.

Blaber, S.J.M., J.W. Young & M.C. Dunning. 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 36: 247-266.

Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones animalium Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris rubri geographica. Hauniae : Mölleri 1-19, i-xxxiv, 164 pp., 43, pls.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kimura, S., Iwatsuki, Y. & Kojima, J.-I.. 1998. Descriptive morphology of the juvenile stages of two Indo-Pacific carangids, Scomberoides lysan and Scomberoides tol (Pisces: Perciformes) Copeia 1998(2): 510-515 https://www.jstor.org/stable/1447453

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide. Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp. (as Chironemus lysan

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Staiger, J.C. 1973. Comparative revision of Scomberoides, Oligoplites, Parona, and Hypacanthus with comments on the phylogenetic position of Campogramma (Pisces : Carangidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 39(13): 185-256 figs 1-26 See ref at BHL

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Scomberoides lysan. (errata version published in 2017) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T20434766A115381420. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T20434766A46664119.en. Downloaded on 2 June 2017.

Whitley, G.P. 1951. New fish names and records. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1949–50: 61-68 figs 8-10

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337046

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Danger:Venomous fin spines

Depth:1-100 m

Fishing:Minor commercial & sportsfish

Habitat:Pelagic, reefs & estuaries

Max Size:110 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map