Spot-tail Perchlet, Plectranthias maculicauda (Regan 1914)

A Spot-tail Perchlet, Plectranthias maculicauda, AMS I.42723-001, 67.6 mm SL, from a large seamount north of Middleton Reef, Lord Howe Rise, Tasman Sea, May 2003. Source: Robin McPhee / NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Plectranthias maculicauda in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Apr 2024,

Spot-tail Perchlet, Plectranthias maculicauda (Regan 1914)

More Info


Off North Solitary Island, New South Wales, to Bass Strait, south of Lakes Entrance; also the Taupo Seamount and the Lord Howe Province in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in New Zealand.

Similar Species

Differs from congeners in having the following combination of characters: Dorsal rays X,15; Pectoral rays 15, rarely 14 or 16; Lateral line complete with 32–35 tubed scales; No antrorse serrations on lower edge of preopercle; Scales with basal cteni; Melanophores on caudal peduncle forming a large (larger than pupil) dark spot mid-laterally.

Species Citation

Serranops maculicauda Regan 1914, British Antarctic 'Terra Nova' Expedition 1910. Zoology 1(1): 16, Pl. 21 (Fig. 3). Type locality: off North Cape, Aupori Peninsula, North Island, ca. 34°23'S, 173°01'E, New Zealand, depth 70 fathoms.


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Spot-tail Perchlet, Plectranthias maculicauda (Regan 1914)


Gill, A.C., Pogonoski, J.J., Moore, G.I. & Johnson, J.W. 2021. Review of Australian species of Plectranthias Bleeker and Selenanthias Tanaka (Teleostei: Serranidae: Anthiadinae), with descriptions of four new species. Zootaxa 4918(1): 1-116.

Kuiter, R.H. 2004. Basslets, Hamlets and their relatives. A comprehensive guide to selected Serranidae and Plesiopidae. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 1, 216 pp. (as Plectranthias cf. maculicauda)

Randall, J.E. 1980. Revision of the fish genus Plectranthias (Serranidae : Anthiinae) with descriptions of 13 new species. Micronesica 16(1): 101-187 figs 1-32 See ref online

Randall, J.E. 1996. Two new anthiine fishes of the genus Plectranthias (Perciformes: Serranidae), with a key to the species. Micronesica 29(2): 113-131 See ref online

Regan, C.T. 1914. Fishes. British Antarctic ("Terra Nova") expedition, 1910. Natural History Report. Zoology. 1(1): 1-54, Pls. 1-13. See ref online

Roberts, C.D. 2015. Families Acropomatidae, Serranidae, Grammistidae, Callanthiidae. pp. 1172-1205 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds). The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311107

Depth:56-330 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:9.5 cm SL

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