Barrier Reef Basslet, Pseudanthias engelhardorum (Allen & Stark 1982)


Other Names: Barrier Reef Anthias

A male Reef Basslet, Pseudanthias engelhardorum, at Kadavu Island, Fiji, April 2016. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
Males are pinkish with a yellowish head, an ocellated red spot on the spinous dorsal fin, an orange bar on the side below the spot, a yellow stripe outlined in pink from the snout tip to the pectoral-fin base, and a darker streak on the scales. Females are pale yellowish-pink with a darker vertical streak on each scale, and a yellowish stripe with a pale outline from the snout tip to the pectoral-fin base. 

As the specific name honours more than one person (Charles Englehard and his family), the spelling is emended from engelhardi to engelhardorum (see Remarks on 'More Info' tab)

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Pseudanthias engelhardorum in Fishes of Australia, accessed 09 Aug 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4391

Barrier Reef Basslet, Pseudanthias engelhardorum (Allen & Stark 1982)

More Info


Distribution

Northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species is widespread on deep reefs in the southwest Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji; Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau and Tonga.
Forms small aggregations around small patch reefs at the bases of drop-offs.

Features

Dorsal fin X,16; Anal fin III,7; Pectoral fin 17; Gill rakers 10-11 + 24-25; Lateral-line scales 42-45. 
Body depth: 2.55-2.6 in standard length. Margin of subopercle and interopercle serrate; third dorsal-fin spine longest, moderately prolonged in males; caudal fin deeply emarginate; pelvic fins reaching anal fin spines in females, anterior soft rays in males.

Remarks

The specific name was originally spelled engelhardi. However, since it honours Charles Englehard and his family (more than one person), the spelling must be emended to engelhardorum according the the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

Etymology

Named in honour of the late Charles Englehard and his family, for 'numerous and generous philanthropic contributions'.

Species Citation

Anthias engelhardi Allen & Starck 1982, Revue Française d'Aquariologie et Herpétologie 9(2): 48, figs 2-3. Type locality: Escape Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, depth 58 m.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2022

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Barrier Reef Basslet, Pseudanthias engelhardorum (Allen & Stark 1982)

References


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. (as Pseudanthias engelhardi)

Allen, G.R. & Starck, W.A. 1982. The anthiid fishes of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, with the description of a new species. Revue Française d'Aquariologie et Herpétologie 9(2): 47-56 figs 1-28 

Kuiter, R.H. 2004. Basslets, Hamlets and their relatives. A comprehensive guide to selected Serranidae and Plesiopidae. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 1, 216 pp. (as Pseudanthias engelhardi)

Motomura, H., Dewa, S.-I., Furuta, K. & Senou, H. 2010. Description of Pseudanthias rubrolineatus (Serranidae: Anthiidae) collected from Take-shima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan. Biogeography : International Journal of Biogeography, Phylogeny, Taxonomy, Ecology, Biodiversity, Evolution, and Conservation Biology 12: 119-125. (as Pseudanthias engelhardi)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (as Pseudanthias engelhardi)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (as Pseudanthias engelhardi)

Randall, J.E. & Pyle, R.L. 2001. Four new serranid fishes of the anthiine genus Pseudanthias from the South Pacific. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 49(1): 19-34 (described as Pseudanthias carlsoni, type locality Fiji). See ref online

Williams, J.T., Lawrence, A. & Myers, R. 2016. Pseudanthias engelhardi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T69590801A69592527. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T69590801A69592527.en. Accessed on 09 March 2022.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37311115

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:37-70 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish (uncommon)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:10 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map