Camouflage Grouper, Epinephelus polyphekadion (Bleeker 1849)

Other Names: Blue-tailed Cod, Camouflage Cod, Camouflage Rockcod, Small-toothed Cod, Small-toothed Rockcod, Smooth Flowery Rock-cod, Snout-spot Grouper, Snout-spot Rock-cod

A Camouflage Grouper, Epinephelus polyphekadion, at Osprey Reef in the Coral Sea. Source: Dave Harasti / License: All rights reserved

A pale brown grouper covered in small dark brown spots, a whitish upper body with large dark blotches forming oblique bands, and a dark saddle-like marking on the upper caudal-fin base.
The Camouflage Grouper is often confused with the Flowery Cod, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Epinephelus polyphekadion in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jun 2024,

Camouflage Grouper, Epinephelus polyphekadion (Bleeker 1849)

More Info


Found in Australia from the Shark Bay region and Scott Reef, Western Australia, to One Tree Island, Queensland, reefs and islands in the Coral Sea, and Middleton Reef and Elizabeth Reef and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea.
Found in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea and east Africa to French Polynesia. Inhabits coral-rich areas of lagoon and outer reefs, and is most abundant around islands and atolls.


Caught with hook-and-line, spears and traps in Australia, and sold in the Live Reef Fish trade.


IUCN Red List: Near Threatened. The species has been assessed using IUCN criteria as 'Lower Risk' in Australia.

Similar Species

Differs from Epinephelus fuscoguttatus in having more distinct oblique bands, a larger spot on the tail base, and fewer pectoral fin rays (16 to 17 vs 18 to 20).


Dianne J. Bray

Camouflage Grouper, Epinephelus polyphekadion (Bleeker 1849)


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Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311047

Conservation:IUCN Near Threatened (Lower Risk Australia)

Depth:1-46 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Max Size:90 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map