Barcheek Coral Trout, Plectropomus maculatus (Bloch 1790)

Other Names: Bar Cheek Coral Trout, Bar-cheek Coral Trout, Bar-cheeked Coral Trout, Bar-cheeked Trout, Coral Cod, Coral Trout, Coral-trout, Island Coral Trout, Leopard Cod, Leopard Fish, Leopard Trout, Spotted Coralgrouper, Spotted Coraltrout, Spotted Coral-trout

A Barcheek Coral Trout, Plectropomus maculatus, at Bitung, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A red, pale greyish or olive to dark brown coral trout with small blue spots on the head, body and fins. Some spots on the head and anterior body are horizontally elongate forming dashes. Small juveniles are greyish-brown above with scattered black spots, a broad white midlateral stripe, and a dark stripe below from the snout to the lower part of the tail.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Plectropomus maculatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024,

Barcheek Coral Trout, Plectropomus maculatus (Bloch 1790)

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Shark Bay area, Western Australia, to Moreton Bay, Queensland; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands; tropical, west Pacific.
Typically inhabits coastal and nearshore reefs, often in turbid or silty waters (absent from clear offshore reefs).


A protogynous hermaphrodite, with individuals changing sex from male to female during their life cycle. In eastern Australia, the Barcheek Coral Trout hybridises with the Common Coral Trout, Plectropomus leopardus.


Barcheek Coral Trout  are fished both commercially and recreationally over most of their distribution range including for the Live Fish Reef Fish Trade.

Species Citation

Bodianus maculatus Bloch 1790, Naturgesch. ausländ. Fische. 4: 48, pl. 228. Type locality: Japan (type locality possibly East Indies).


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Barcheek Coral Trout, Plectropomus maculatus (Bloch 1790)


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Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311012

Biology:Able to change sex

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:5-50 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:125 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map