Vermicular Cod, Plectropomus oligacanthus (Bleeker 1854)

Other Names: Highfin Coral Grouper, Highfin Coral Trout, Highfin Coralgrouper, Lined Coral Trout, Vermicular Leopard-cod, Vermicular-cod

A Vermicular Cod, Plectropomus oligacanthus, at the Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia. Source: David R / iNaturalist. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A reddish-brown to red grouper with angled blue lines on the head, and blue spots and dashes on the body and fins, some forming vertical lines on the midsides. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Plectropomus oligacanthus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024,

Vermicular Cod, Plectropomus oligacanthus (Bleeker 1854)

More Info


Recorded in Australia from Scott Reef, Western Australia, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and Ashmore Reef in the Coral Sea. The species occurs elsewhere in the tropical, west-central Pacific.

Species Citation

Plectropoma oligacanthus Bleeker, 1854, Natuurwetensch. Tijdschr. Nederl. IndiĆ« 7: 422. Type locality: Jakarta, Java. 


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Vermicular Cod, Plectropomus oligacanthus (Bleeker 1854)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Andrawartha, B. & Tuma, D. 2007. Fil-o-Fish Australia, Recrational & Commercial Fish Handbook. Balnarring, Victoria : Candlelight Publishing 623 pp.

Bleeker, P. 1854. Specierum piscium javanensium novarum vel minus cognitarum diagnoses adumbratae. Natuurwetenschappelijk Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indiƫ 7: 415-448.

Cabanban, A.S., Sadovy, Y. & Samoilys, M. 2008. Plectropomus oligacanthus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 17 March 2015.

Craig, M.T., Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y.J. & Heemstra, P.C. 2011. Groupers of the World: a Field and Market Guide. Grahamstown, South Africa : NISC Ltd 356 pp., Appendix 47 pp.

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 16. Rome: FAO. pp. 1-382.

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1999. Family Serranidae. pp. 2442-2548 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Hoese, D.F., Bowling, J., Russell, B. & Randall, J.E. 1981. A preliminary revision of Australian species of Coral Trout of the genus Plectropomus. Occasional Report of the Australian Museum 2: 1-28.

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Pratchett, M.S., Cameron, D.S., Donelson, J. et al. 2017. Effects of climate change on coral grouper (Plectropomus spp.) and possible adaptation options. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries 27: 297.

Prokop, F. 2002. Australian Fish Guide. Croydon South, Victoria : Australian Fishing Network 256 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E. & Heemstra, P.C. 1991. Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 20: 1-332.

Randall, J.E. & Hoese, D.F. 1986. Revision of the groupers of the Indo-Pacific genus Plectropomus (Perciformes: Serranidae). Indo-Pacific Fishes 13: 1-31 figs 1-3 pls 1-5

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311162

Conservation:IUCN Near Threatened

Depth:5-147 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:75 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map