Common Largescale Flounder, Citharoides macrolepis (Gilchrist 1904)

Other Names: Largescale Flounder, Twospot Largescale Flounder

A Common Largescale Flounder, Citharoides macrolepis. Source: FAO / EOL. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

A brownish left-eyed flounder with a dark blotch at the rear of the dorsal and anal fin bases, and dark spots or blotches on the body, dorsal and anal fins.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Citharoides macrolepis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 May 2024,

Common Largescale Flounder, Citharoides macrolepis (Gilchrist 1904)

More Info


Dunk Island to southern Queensland, and possibly off Shark Bay, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indian Ocean. Inhabits sandy and muddy areas.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Common Largescale Flounder, Citharoides macrolepis (Gilchrist 1904)


Evseenko, S.A. 1996. Ontogeny and relationships of the flatfishes of the Southern Ocean (Achiropsettidae, Pleuronectoidei). Journal of Ichthyology 36(9): 687-712 

Gilchrist, J.D.F. 1904. Descriptions of new South African fishes. Marine Investigations in South Africa 3: 1-16 18 pls 

Hoshino, K. 2000. Citharoides orbitalis, a new sinistral citharid flounder from Western Australia (Pleuronectoidei, Pleuronectiformes). Ichthyological Research 47(4): 321-326.

Hoshino, K. 2001. Monophyly of the Citharidae (Pleuronectoidei: Pleuronectiformes: Teleostei) with considerations of pleuronectoid phylogeny. Ichthyological Research 48(4): 391-404.

Hubbs, C.L. 1945. Phylogenetic position of the Citharidae, a family of flatfishes. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 63: 1-38 
Regan, C.T. 1920. A revision of the flat-fishes (Heterosomata) of Natal. Annals of the Durban Museum 2(5): 205-222 figs 1-5 

Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) 1986. Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37458005

Depth:182-220 m

Habitat:Sandy & muddy areas

Max Size:25 cm TL

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