White-striped Hogfish, Terelabrus rubrovittatus Randall & Fourmanoir 1998

Other Names: Amana-miyabi-bera

A White-striped Hogfish, Terelabrus rubrovittatus, from Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea, Sept 2017, depth 135 m (photographed in an aquarium). Source: Fenton Walsh / Cairns Marine. License: All rights reserved


A rare slender red-striped wrasse found on deep outer reef slopes.

Adults have a broad red stripe from the lips to the end of the caudal fin, sometimes with about 8-10 red blotches extending above and below the stripe, and a second narrower red stripe along upper head and body. The dorsal fin has a broad bright yellow submarginal band.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Terelabrus rubrovittatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 03 Feb 2023, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4872

White-striped Hogfish, Terelabrus rubrovittatus Randall & Fourmanoir 1998

More Info


Off the Rowley Shoals, north Western Australia, the Myrmidon Reef area, outer Great Barrier Reef, Queensland (Sih et al. 2017), and Holmes Reef in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere, the species is known from Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Palau and New Caledonia. Inhabits deep coastal and outer reefs at depths from 55 to at least 179 m.


Dorsal fin X, 11; Anal fin III, 12; Pectoral fin 15-16; Caudal fin (principal rays) 14 (median 12 branched), + 10 upper and 9 lower procurrent rays; Pelvic fin I, 5; Vertebrae 11 + 17; Gill rakers 14-15; Lateral line scales (pored) 43-45; Scales above lateral line 3; Scales below lateral line 12 (to anal fin origin).

Body long and slender, head and anterior body cylindrical, eyes large; jaws with two pairs of large, well-spaced, anterior canines; Lateral line continuous and smoothly curved.


  • IUCN Red List : Least Concern
  • Similar Species

    The White-striped Hogfish has been confused with Terelabrus dewapyle Fukui & Motomura 2015 which differs from T. rubrovittatus in having the following characters: fewer scale rows in the longitudinal series (41 or 42 vs. 45–48 in the latter), fewer pored lateral-line scales (39 or 40 vs. 43–45), and fewer gill rakers (12 or 13 vs. 14 or 15); a broader space between the anteroventral margin of the orbit and the maxilla [least distance 1.2–3.7% (mean 2.5%) SL vs. 0.5–2.3% (1.6%)]; no red blotches on the midlateral red stripe in adults and young (vs. 8–10 red blotches superimposed on midlateral red stripe in adults); no yellow band on the dorsal fin (vs. broad vivid yellow band submarginally on the dorsal fin in adults, pale yellow band in young); a vivid yellow (vs. white) space between the upper and midlateral red stripes; and a black blotch superimposed on the midlateral red stripe on the opercle in young, the black blotch fading with growth (vs. black blotch absent or indistinct) (Fukui & Motomura 2015).

    Terelabrus zonatus is characterized by 44 scale rows in the longitudinal series,  42 pored lateral-line scales, 11–12 gill rakers (including rudiments), the main supratemporal sensory canal with 8 branches posteriorly, the area bounded by the main supratemporal and postotic sensory canals (dorsal view) with 3 scale rows, the least distance between the orbit anteroventral margin and interopercle 7.0% of standard length and 18 faint silver vertical bands on the body in preserved specimens (Fukui 2018). 


    Terelabrus is from the Latin teres, meaning ‘terete’ or ‘cylindrical’, in reference to the unique body shape for a wrasse. The specific name rubrovittatus is from the Latin rubrum meaning ‘red’ and vittatus meaning ‘striped’ in reference to the two red stripes along the body.

    Species Citation

    Randall & Fourmanoir, 1998, Bull. Mar. Sci. 62(1): 249, Fig. 1. Type locality: Bulari Pass, New Caledonia, depth 100 m.


    Bray, D.J. 2019


    Atlas of Living Australia

    White-striped Hogfish, Terelabrus rubrovittatus Randall & Fourmanoir 1998


    Allen, G.R. & Adrim, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42(1): 1-72 (p. 51, in part)  

    Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. (p. 720, in part, image is Terelabrus dewaple Fukui & Motomura 2015) 

    Fukui, Y. 2018. A new species of Terelabrus (Perciformes: Labridae) from the Philippines with a key to species of Terelabrus and new record of Terelabrus dewapyle. Zootaxa 4526(1): 84–90 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4526.1.6

    Fukui, Y. & Motomura, H. 2015. A new species of deepwater wrasse (Labridae: Terelabrus) from the western Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa 4040(5): 559–568. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4040.5.4

    Fukui, Y. & Motomura, H. 2016. Terelabrus flavocephalus sp. nov., a new hogfish (Perciformes: Labridae) from the Maldives, Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Research 63(4): 529-535. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-016-0523-x

    Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. (p. 49 in part)  

    Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Australia : Zoonetics pp. 304-622.

    Randall, J.E. & P. Fourmanoir. 1998. Terelabrus rubrovittatus, a new genus and species of labrid fish from New Caledonia and New Guinea. Bulletin of Marine Science 62(1): 247-252 See ref online

    Sih, T.L., Cappo, M. & Kingsford, M.J. 2017. Deep-reef fish assemblages of the Great Barrier Reef shelf-break (Australia). Science Reports 7: 10886 DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-11452-1 Open access

    Yeeting, B. & Myers, R. 2010. Terelabrus rubrovittatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187525A8558521. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187525A8558521.en. Downloaded on 19 December 2018.

    Quick Facts

    CAAB Code:37384210


    Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

    Depth:55-179 m

    Fishing:Aquarium fish

    Habitat:Reef associated

    Max Size:12 cm TL

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