Eel Sandlance, Bleekeria viridianguilla (Fowler 1931)

Illustration of an Eel Sandlance, Bleekeria viridianguilla. Source: Fowler, H.W., 1931 - Studies of Hong Kong fishes--No. 2. License: Copyright Expired

A greyish-green sandlance with silvery sides, a bright yellow dorsal fin with a purplish base, and yellow pectoral and anal fins.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Bleekeria viridianguilla in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 Nov 2022,

Eel Sandlance, Bleekeria viridianguilla (Fowler 1931)

More Info


North of Legendre Island, Western Australia, to north of Bathurst Island, Northern Territory. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
Small schools feed on zooplankton over sandy areas, diving into the sand when threatened. 


Dorsal fin 40-42; Anal fin 14-16; Pectoral fin 14-16; Gill rakers 22-23; Vertebrae  27-30 + 22-25 = 51-55.
Body elongate, almost cylindrical; mouth large, terminal; lower jaw strongly projecting; upper jaw protrusible. 
Dorsal fin continuous, height equal to or greater than body depth; anal fin 1/2 the length of dorsal fin; caudal fin somewhat forked; pelvic fins absent.

Species Citation

Herklotsina viridianguilla, Fowler 1931, Hong Kong Naturalist 2(4): 311, Fig. 13. Type locality: Hong Kong. 


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Eel Sandlance, Bleekeria viridianguilla (Fowler 1931)


Collette, B.B. 2001. Ammodytidae. 3518 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Fowler, H.W. 1931. Studies on the fishes of Hong Kong - No. 2. Hong Kong Naturalist 2(4): 287-317 figs 1-16.

Ida, H., Sirimontaporn, P. & Monkolprasit, S. 1994. Comparative morphology of the fishes of the family Ammodytidae, with a description of two new genera and two new species. Zoological Studies 33(4): 251-277. PDF open access, open access

Joshi, K.K., Zacharia, P.U. & Kanthan, P. 2012. Description of a new sand lance species, Bleekeria murtii (Perciformes: Ammodytidae) from India. Indian Journal of Fisheries 59(2): 101-107. PDF open access

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37425002

Depth:30-200 m

Habitat:Sandy areas

Max Size:16 cm TL

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