Mitsukuri's Sandlance, Bleekeria mitsukurii Jordan & Evermann 1902

Other Names: Taiwan Sand Lance

Mitsukuri's Sandlance, Bleekeria mitsukurii, from off Cape Leveque, Western Australia, NMV A 29708-003, depth 110 metres. Source: Dianne J. Bray / Museums Victoria. License: All rights reserved

A sandlance with a yellowish back (pinkish below), a yellowish snout, a broad yellow margin on the dorsal fin, and a narrow black margin on the caudal fin. This species possesses very small pelvic fins comprised of a single short spine and 3 rays, positioned near the ventral surface before the pectoral-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Bleekeria mitsukurii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 02 Dec 2022,

Mitsukuri's Sandlance, Bleekeria mitsukurii Jordan & Evermann 1902

More Info


Off Eighty Mile Beach to NW of Broome, Western Australia, and the Coral Sea off Queensland. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the Indo-west Pacific.
Small schools feed on zooplankton over sandy areas, diving into the sand when threatened. 


Dorsal fin 40-43; Anal fin 14-17; Pectoral fins 14-17; Pelvic fins I. 3; Gill rakers 24-31; Vertebrae 28-30 + 22-25 = 52-55. 
Body elongate, almost cylindrical.; mouth large, terminal; lower jaw strongly projecting; upper jaw protrusible.
Dorsal fin continuous, height 1/2 to 2/3 body depth; anal fin 1/2 the length of dorsal fin; caudal fin somewhat forked; pelvic fins rudimentary.


Species Citation

Bleekeria mitsukurii Jordan & Evermann 1902, Proc. U. S. Natl Mus. 25(1289): 333, Fig. 12. Type locality: Yilan [Giran], Taiwan (as Formosa).


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Mitsukuri's Sandlance, Bleekeria mitsukurii Jordan & Evermann 1902


Collette, B.B. 2001. Ammodytidae. 3518 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Fowler, H.W. 1931. Studies on the fishes of Hong Kong - No. 2. Hong Kong Naturalist 2(4): 287-317 figs 1-16.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Ida, H., Sirimontaporn, P. & Monkolprasit, S. 1994. Comparative morphology of the fishes of the family Ammodytidae, with a description of two new genera and two new species. Zoological Studies 33(4): 251-277. PDF open access

Jordan, D.S. 1903. Supplementary note on Bleekeria mitsukurii, and on certain Japanese fishes. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 26(1328): 693-696, Pl. 30. (as Embolichthys mitsukuriiSee ref at BHL

Jordan, D.S. & Evermann, B.W. 1902. Notes on a collection of fishes from the island of Formosa. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 25(1289): 315-368 figs 1-29 See ref at BHL

Joshi, K.K., Zacharia, P.U. & Kanthan, P. 2012. Description of a new sand lance species, Bleekeria murtii (Perciformes: Ammodytidae) from India. Indian Journal of Fisheries 59(2): 101-107. PDF open access

Okiyama, M. 1993. An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. 1154 pp. (as Embolichthys mitsukurii)

Pietsch, T.W. & Zabetian, C.P. 1990. Osteology and interrelationships of the sand lances (Teleostei: Ammodytidae). Copeia 1990(1): 78-100 (as Embolichthys mitsukurii)

Varsha, M.S., Sethulakshmi, M., Ida, H., Randall, J.E. & Joshi, K.K. 2019. A taxonomic revision of the fishes of the genus Bleekeria (Perciformes, Ammodytidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 60(2): 18-25. See ref online

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37425001

Depth:30-200 m

Habitat:Sandy bottoms

Max Size:16 cm TL

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