Severns' Wrasse, Pseudojuloides severnsi Bellwood & Randall 2000

Other Names: Black-hat Slender Wrasse, Royal Pencil Wrasse, Royal Wrasse, Severn’s Pencil Wrasse

A male Severns' Wrasses, Pseudojuloides severnsi, in Japan. Source: K. Nishiyama, Fig. 6 (middle), in Victor & Randall (2014) Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 15: 41-52. License: CC by Attribution


Terminal phase males have a blue, red or magenta line along the upper jaw extending back over the eyes that abruptly separates the dark dorsal half of the head and anterior body from the whitish lower half. males also have a turquoise dorsal fin with a broad orange submarginal band, bright yellow sides with torquoise stripes, and a blue caudal fin with blue and black upper and lower lobes. Females are pink fading to whitish below with an orange upper head. Juveniles have a white snout tip.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Pseudojuloides severnsi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 Nov 2022,

Severns' Wrasse, Pseudojuloides severnsi Bellwood & Randall 2000

More Info


Blackwood Channel, east of Cape York, North Queensland. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical Indo-west-Pacific - Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Japan.
Inhabits open areas with rubble and coral patches on deep offshore reefs in 12-60 m.


Feeds on material on the bottom.


A single terminal phase male lives in small harems of 6-7 intermediate phase individuals (females).

Similar Species

Pseudojuloides severnsi is most similar to P. edwardi and P. erythrops, species which are not known from Australian waters.


The specific name refers to Mike Severns who organised the collection and deposition of the type material from Alor, Indonesia.

Species Citation

Pseudojuloides severnsi Bellwood & Randall 2000, Journal of South Asian Natural History 5(1): 2, Figs. 1-5. Type locality: South side of Kalabahi Bay, Alor Island, Indonesia, 18°14'49"S, 124°29'35"E, depth 21 m.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Severns' Wrasse, Pseudojuloides severnsi Bellwood & Randall 2000


Bellwood, D.R. & Randall, J.E. 2000. Pseudojuloides severnsi, a new species of wrasse from Indonesia and Sri Lanka (Perciformes: Labridae). Journal of South Asian Natural History 5(1): 1-5.

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy and rainbow wrasses and their relatives – a comprehensive guide to selected labrids. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.

Nishiyama, K. 2012. Photographic Guide to Wrasses of Japan. Toho Publishing, Inc., Osaka, Japan, 302 pp. [In Japanese]

Russell, B. 2010. Pseudojuloides severnsi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. . Downloaded on 19 March 2014.

Victor, B.C. 2017. Review of the Indo-Pacific Pseudojuloides cerasinus species complex with a description of two new species (Teleostei: Labridae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 29: 11-31.

Victor, B.C. & Edward, J.M.B. 2015. Pseudojuloides zeus, a new deep-reef wrasse (Perciformes: Labridae) from Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 15: 41-52. 

Victor, B.C. & Randall, J.E. 2014. Pseudojuloides edwardi, n. sp. (Perciformes: Labridae): an example of evolution of male-display phenotype outpacing divergence in mitochondrial genotype. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 11: 1-12.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384209


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:21-60 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:9.2 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map