Emerald Pygmygoby, Eviota smaragdus Jordan & Seale 1906

Other Names: Ear-spot Pygmy Goby, Smaragdus Pygmy Goby, Smaragdus Pygmygoby

An Emerald Pygmygoby, Eviota smaragdus, in American Samoa. Source: J. Kuwabara / Fig. 77 in Greenfield & Randall 2016 review of the dwarfgobies of Fiji, including descriptions of five new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 20. License: CC by Attribution

A green pygmy goby with a series of small dark spots along the dorsal-fin bases, dark bars crossing the nape in front of the dorsal fin, a white internal stripe along the vertebral column with a series of reddish dashes above, dark internal spots on the belly followed by vertical bars interspersed, and two red spots on the pectoral-fin base.
Recorded from the Australian territory of Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea, and Scott Reef off north Western Australia.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Eviota smaragdus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 04 Dec 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/5022

Emerald Pygmygoby, Eviota smaragdus Jordan & Seale 1906

More Info


Scott Reef, Western Australia, and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. 
Although recorded in depths to 40 metres, the species most commonly occurs in shallow depths, including in tide pools. 


The specific name is from the Latin smaragdus meaning 'emerald', in reference to the green colouration of this species.

Species Citation

Eviota smaragdus Jordan & Seale, 1906, Bull. Bur. Fish. (U.S.) for 1905 25: 388, fig. 78. Type locality: Pago Pago, Samoa. 


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Emerald Pygmygoby, Eviota smaragdus Jordan & Seale 1906


Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Greenfield, D., Larson, H. & Williams, J.T. 2016. Eviota smaragdus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T193130A2199074. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T193130A2199074.en. Downloaded on 21 December 2016.

Greenfield, D.W. & Randall, J.E. (2016) A review of the dwarfgobies of Fiji, including descriptions of five new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 20: 25-75. PDF Open access

Greenfield, D.W. & Winterbottom, R. 2016. A key to the dwarfgoby species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota) described between 1871 and 2016. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 24: 35–90. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.219620 Open access 

Jordan, D.S. & Seale, A. 1906. The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the Archipelago, with a provisional checklist of the fishes of Oceania. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1905 25: 173-455 figs 1-111 pls 33-53

Lachner, E.A. & Karnella, S.J. 1980. Fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Eviota with descriptions of eight new species (Teleostei : Gobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 315: 1-127 figs 1-66

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Quick Facts

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-40 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:2.3 cm SL

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