Blackfin Grouper, Cephalopholis nigripinnis (Valenciennes 1828)

Other Names: Banded-tail Coral-cod, Blackfin Rockcod, Darkfin Hind, Duskyfin Rockcod

A Blackfin Grouper, Cephalopholis nigripinnis, at Reunion Island, February 2013. Source: zsispeo / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-ShareAlike

A reddish grouper becoming dark brown posteriorly, with a prominent brown spot on the edge of the gill cover, and usually a broad dark margin on the pectoral fin.
The Blackfin Grouper had for along time been considered a synonym of Cephalopholis urodeta.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Cephalopholis nigripinnis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Feb 2024,

Blackfin Grouper, Cephalopholis nigripinnis (Valenciennes 1828)

More Info


Recorded from the Australian territory of Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the Indian Ocean, inhabiting areas of rich coral growth in depths to 60 m.


Dorsal fin IX, 14-16; Anal fin III, 8-9. Body depth 2.7-3.1 in SL; caudal fin rounded; pelvic fins 1.8-2.2 in head length; interorbital area convex; preopercle rounded, finely serrate, lower edge fleshy; subopercle and interopercle usually smooth; maxilla reaching well beyond eye.


Carnivore - feeds on small fishes and crustaceans.

Species Citation

Serranus nigripinnis Valenciennes 1828, Hist. Nat. Poiss. 2: 339. No locality given.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Blackfin Grouper, Cephalopholis nigripinnis (Valenciennes 1828)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Adrim, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42(1): 1-72

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Adrim, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42(1): 1-72.

Craig, M.T. 2008. Cephalopholis nigripinnis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T132786A3451126. Downloaded on 10 June 2016.

Craig, M.T. & Hastings, P.A. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of the groupers of the subfamily Epinephelinae (Serranidae) with a revised classification of the Epinephelini. Ichthyological Research 54(1): 1-17.

Craig, M.T., Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y.J. & Heemstra, P.C. 2011. Groupers of the World: a Field and Market Guide. Grahamstown, South Africa : NISC Ltd 356 pp., Appendix 47 pp. 

Heemstra, P.C. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 16. Rome: FAO. pp. 1-382  (as a synonym of Cephalopholis urodeta)

Randall, J.E. & Heemstra, P.C. 1991. Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Perciformes: Serranidae: Epinephelinae), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 20: 1-332.  (as a synonym of Cephalopholis urodeta)

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1828. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 2 xxi, 2 + 490 pp., pls 9-40.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311205

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Depth:0-60 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:28 cm TL

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