Broad Duckbill, Enigmapercis reducta Whitley 1936

Other Names: Broad Sand-diver, Broad Sandfish, Reduced Grubfish

A Broad Duckbill, Enigmapercis reducta, in Nelson Bay, New South Wales. Source: Dave Harasti / License: All rights reserved

A small sandy coloured duckbill with pale brown cross bars and irregular blotches on the upper side, a conspicuous blotch on upper part of the tail base, a black first dorsal fin black, and a yellow and pale brown bands on the tail. Some individuals are dark brown. 
The Broad Duckbill is extremely well-camouflaged duckbill and usually buries in sand during the day. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Enigmapercis reducta in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 Jan 2020,

Broad Duckbill, Enigmapercis reducta Whitley 1936

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Endemic to the southern half of Australia, from Seal Rocks, New South Wales, to Kalbarri, Western Australia, and King Island, Tasmania. Inhabits sandy areas near reefs, usually buried in the sand with only the eyes exposed.


Dorsal fin II, 18; Anal fin 24; Caudal fin  9 Pectoral fin 16; Pelvic fin I, 5 Lateral line 37.

Species Citation

Enigmapercis reducta Whitley 1936, Proc. Roy. Soc. N.S.W. 1935–36: 19. Type locality: off Long Reef, Collaroy, New South Wales, depth 14 fathoms.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Broad Duckbill, Enigmapercis reducta Whitley 1936


Glover, C.J.M. 1994. Family Percophidae. pp. 713-714, fig. 625 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Johnson, J.W. 2008. Percophidae. pp. 675-676 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Neira, F.J., Miskiewicz, A.G. & Trnski, T. 1998. Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. Nedlands, Western Australia : University of Western Australia press 474 pp.

Nelson, J.S. 2001. Trichonotidae, Creediidae, Percophidae. pp. 3511-3516 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Whitley, G.P. 1936. A new fish from near Sydney. Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 1935–36: 19

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37393008

Depth:1–60 m

Habitat:Reef associated, sandy areas

Max Size:9 cm TL


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CAAB distribution map