Whipsnout Sorcerer, Venefica proboscidea (Vaillant 1888)

A duckbill eel, Venefica sp, collected from the Tasman Sea NW of Norfolk Island, May 2003 - depth about 1500m. Source: Mark McGrouther / NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: All rights reserved

An uncommon greyish-black sorcerer eel with a darker snout, throat and belly.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Venefica proboscidea in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/5219

Whipsnout Sorcerer, Venefica proboscidea (Vaillant 1888)

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Recorded from off Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania in depths of 1200-2000 m. Elsewhere the species occurs worldwide in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters, at depths ranging from 385-2200 m.
The species generally inhabits lower continental slope waters. 

Species Citation

Nettastoma proboscideum Vaillant 1888, Expéd. scientif. Travailleur et Talisman: 84, Pl. 7 (fig. 3). Type locality: off Coast of Morocco, 30°08'N, 11°42'W, depth 2200 m.


Bray, D.J. 2017

Whipsnout Sorcerer, Venefica proboscidea (Vaillant 1888)


Castle, P.H.J. 1986. Family 47: Nettastomatidae. pp. 190-191 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls.

Karmovskaya, E.S. 2004. Benthopelagic bathyal conger eels of families Congridae and Nettastomatidae from the Western Tropical Pacific, with descriptions of ten new species. Journal of Ichthyology 44(1): S1-S32.

Pakhorukov, N.P. 2001. Distribution and behavior of bottom and near-bottom fishes in the Rio Grande Submarine Rise (Atlantic Ocean). Journal of Ichthyology 41(4): 300-307.

Saldanha, L. 1986. Nettastomatidae. pp. 562-566. In Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (eds) 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Paris : UNESCO Vol. 2 pp. 517-1007.

Smith, D.G. 1989. Family Nettastomatidae. In: Böhlke, E.B. (ed.) Orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Memoir. Sears Foundation of Marine Research 1(9): 1-655.

Smith, D.G. & Stewart, A.L. 2015. 44 Family Nettastomatidae (pp. 284-287) in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 2 pp. 1-576.

Tighe, K. 2015. Venefica proboscidea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T199373A2588490. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T199373A2588490.en. Downloaded on 25 November 2016.

Vaillant, L.L. 1888. Expéditions Scientifiques du Travailleur et du Talisman pendant les années 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883. Paris : G. Masson 406 pp. 28 pls. Ref at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37065010

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:385-2200 m


Max Size:100 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map