Lycenchelys antarctica Regan 1913

Illustration of Lycenchelys antarctica. Source: Fig. 2, in Anderson, E. in Gon & Heelstra (1990) Fishes of the Southern Ocean / iodiversity Heritage Library. License: CC by Attribution

A slender dark bluish-grey eelpout with very large head pores.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2023, Lycenchelys antarctica in Fishes of Australia, accessed 02 Mar 2024,

Lycenchelys antarctica Regan 1913

More Info


Abyssal plain east of Bass Strait, NE of Flinders Island, south-west Pacific, in 4133-4197 m. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal in the Southern Ocean.


Dorsal fin 106; Anal fin 95-112; Pectoral fin 16-17; Pelvic fin 2-2; Caudal fin 6-9; Gill rakers (2-3)+(10-13)=13-16; Branchiostegal rays 5-6; Vertebrae 117-138. 
Body elongate, ovoid in cross-section; head small, depressed in juveniles, more robust and triangular in larger fish; eye small, ovoid; gill opening extending to below pectoral-fin base; mouth inferior, lower lip with slight fleshy lobe; teeth conical, present on vomer and palatines. Head pores very large, preopercular-mandibular pores 8-9; dorsal fin oirigin above pectoral fin, predorsal length 27-36.6% SL; pectoral fin origin below body midline, ventral rays thickened; pelvic fins present. Lateral line ventral, complete.


The specific name refers to the type locality of the South Orkney Islands off the  Antarctic Peninsula.

Species Citation

Lycenchelys antarcticus Regan 1913, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 49 (pt 2, no. 2): 242, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) Type locality: Off South Orkney Islands, 62°10'S, 41°21'W, depth 1775 fathoms.


Bray, D.J. 2023


Atlas of Living Australia

Lycenchelys antarctica Regan 1913


Anderson, M.E. 1990. Zoarcidae, pp. 256-276. in Gon, O. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) 1990. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown : J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 462 pp.

Anderson, M.E. 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute, Grahamstown 60: 1-120

Møller, P.R. & King, N. 2007. Two new species of Pachycara (Teleostei: Zoarcidae) from the Sub-Antarctica Southern Indian Ocean, and a range extension of Lycenchelys antarctica. Copeia 2007(3): 586-593.

Regan, C.T. 1913. The Antarctic fishes of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 49(2): 229-292 figs 1-6 pls 1-11 See ref at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37231002

Depth:3248-5320 m

Habitat:Benthic, deep-waters

Max Size:28 cm SL

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