Smalltooth Jobfish, Aphareus furca (Lacépède 1801)

Other Names: Blue Smalltooth Jobfish, Fork-tailed Snapper Fish, Small Toothed Jobfish, Small-tooth Jobfish, Smalltoothed Jobfish, Small-toothed Jobfish, Snapper Jobbyfish

A Smalltooth Jobfish, Aphareus furca, at Christmas Island, eastern Indian Ocean (AUS). Source: Gerald R. Allen / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A silvery purplish-brown jobfish becoming silvery bluish-grey below, with dark margins on the preopercle and opercle, and whitish to yellowish-brown fins. Small juveniles have a yellow tail.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Aphareus furca in Fishes of Australia, accessed 26 Feb 2020,

Smalltooth Jobfish, Aphareus furca (Lacépède 1801)

More Info


Recorded in Australian waters from Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Hibernia Reef, Western Australia, and from the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland to about Seal Rocks, New South Wales; also in the Lord Howe Island region, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

Elsewherer the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.

Smalltooth Jobfish inhabit lagoons and seaward reefs in depths to 100 metres, sometimes in small groups.


Dorsal fin X, 10-11 (usually 11); Anal-fin rays III, 8; Pectoral fin 15-16; Gill rakers (first arch) 6-12 + 16-18; Lateral line scales 65-75.

Body elongate, slender; mouth large, tail large, deeply forked. Last ray of dorsal and anal fins elongate. Jaw teeth small - disappearing with age. 


A popular gamefish taken mainly with handlines or vertical longlines.


  • IUCN Red List : Least Concern
  • Species Citation

    Labrus furca Lacépède 1801, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 3: 429, 477, pl. 21(1). Type locality: Mauritius (as Great Ocean).


    Bray, D.J. 2017


    Australian Faunal Directory

    Smalltooth Jobfish, Aphareus furca (Lacépède 1801)


    Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp.

    Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

    Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

    Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.). Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106.

    Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

    Anderson, W.D., Jr. 1987. Systematics of the fishes of the family Lutjanidae (Perciformes: Percoidei), the snappers. pp. 1-31 in Polovina, J.J. & Ralston, S. (eds). Tropical Snappers and Groupers: Biology and Fisheries Management. Boulder : Westview Press Inc. 659 pp.

    Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

    Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

    Leis, J.M. & Lee, K. 1994. Larval deveopment in the lutjanid subfamily Etelinae (Pisces): the genera Aphareus, Aprion, Etelis and Pristipomoides. Bulletin of Marine Science 55(1): 46-125.

    Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp.

    Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

    Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

    Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105.

    Russell, B., Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Lawrence, A., Carpenter, K.E., Myers, R. & Thaman, R. 2016. Aphareus furca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T194289A2309864. Downloaded on 30 October 2017.

    Quick Facts

    CAAB Code:37346036

    Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

    Danger:May cause ciguatera poisoning

    Depth:5-300 m

    Fishing:Commercial & recreational fish

    Habitat:Reef associated

    Max Size:70 cm FL

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