Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816)


Other Names: Emperor Red Snapper, Emperor Snapper, Government Bream, King Snapper, Queenfish, Red Kelp

A Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae, at the Mackeral Islands, Western Australia. Source: Julie Shuttleworth. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A striking tropical snapper with a reddish to pink body and red fins. Juveniles and young adults have a dark red band from the snout tip through the eye to the first dorsal-fin spine, a broad band from the middle of the dorsal-fin spines to the pelvic fin, and a diagonal band from the end of the last dorsal spine to the lower lobe of the caudal fin.

Video of juvenile Red Emperors feeding in Lembeh Strait, Indonesia.
Video of juvenile Red Emperor (Lutjanus sebae), Long Spine Emperor (Lethrinus genivittatus), and Paradise Threadfin Bream (Pentapodus paradiseus) at a baited remote underwater video camera (BRUV).

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Lutjanus sebae in Fishes of Australia, accessed 18 Sep 2021, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/567

Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816)

More Info


Distribution

Bunbury, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Sydney, New South Wales. Elsewhere, the species is widespread in the Indo-west Pacific.
Adults often inhabit sandy and rubble areas near coral and rocky reefs; also in deeper waters to 180 m. Juveniles inhabit mangrove areas, and coastal and deeper reefs. Small juveniles often shelter amongst sea urchin spines.

Features

Juveniles less than 20 cm long are common in mangrove areas (Allen 1985) in near shore, turbid waters, or among both coastal and deeper water offshore reefs (Williams and Russ 1992). They move to deeper waters as they grow larger 

Feeding

Feeds on fishes, crustaceans such as crabs, stomatopods and shrimps, and cephalopod molluscs.

Fisheries

Although commercially important in many parts of its range, large individuals are known to cause ciguatera poisoning in parts of the Indian Ocean. Small juveniles are popular in the aquarium industry.

Remarks

Juveniles often shelter amongst sea urchin spines until large enough to venture out to feed out in the open.

Species Citation

Diacope sebae Cuvier, 1816, Règne Animal: 2:  275. No type locality stated [Indonesia; Coromandel coast, India, eastern Indian Ocean].

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Red Emperor, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier 1816)

References


Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Talbot, F.H. 1985. Review of the snappers of the genus Lutjanus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of a new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 11: 1-87.

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Cuvier, G.L. 1816. Le Règne Animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. Les reptiles et les poisons. Paris : Déterville Vol. 2 pp. 104-351.

De Vis. 1884. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 1(3): 144-147 (described as Genyoroge regia) See ref at BHL

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grimes, C.B. 1987. Reproductive biology of the Lutjanidae: a review. pp. 239-294 in Polovina, J.J. & Ralston, S. (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resources and Marine Policy Series. Boulder and London: Westview Press, Inc. 659 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Johannes, R.E. & MacFarlane, J.W. 1991. Traditional fishing in the Torres Strait Islands. CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Tasmania, Australia. 268 pp.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Johnson, J.W. & Gill, A.C. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of Sweers Island, Gulf of Carpentaria. Gulf of Carpentaria Scientific Study Report. Geography Monograph Series. Brisbane: Royal Geographic Society of Queensland. pp. 239-260.

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Leis, J.M. 1987. Review of the early life history of tropical groupers (Serranidae) and snappers (Lutjanidae). pp. 189-237 in Polovina, J.J. & Ralston, S. (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resources and Marine Policy Series. Boulder and London: Westview Press, Inc. 659 pp.

Liu, C.-C. & S.-Y. Yeh. 1991. Age determination and growth of red emperor snapper (Lutjanus sebae) in the Arafura Sea off North Australia. Acta Oceanogr. Taiwan 26: 36-52.

Manooch, C.S. III, 1987. Age and growth of snappers and groupers. pp. 329-373 in Polovina, J.J. & Ralston, S. (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resources and Marine Policy Series. Boulder and London: Westview Press, Inc. 659 pp.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

McPherson, G.R. & Squire, L. 1990. Age and growth of three dominant Lutjanus species of the Great Barrier Reef inter-reef fishery. Asian Fisheries Science 5(1): 25-36.

McPherson, G.R., Squire, L. & O'Brien, J. 1992. Reproduction of three dominant Lutjanus species of the Great Barrier Reef inter-reef fishery. Asian Fisheries Science 5(1): 15-24.

Newman, S.J. & Dunk, I.J. 2002. Growth, age validation, mortality, and other population characteristics of the red emperor sanpper, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1828), off the Kimberley coast of north-western Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55(1): 67-80.

Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Williams, D.McB. 2000. Age, growth, mortality rates and corresponding yield estimates using otoliths of the tropical red snappers, Lutjanus erythropterus, L. malabaricus and L. sebae, from the central Great Barrier Reef. Fish. Res. 48: 1-14.

Newman, S.J., Skepper, C.L. & Wakefield, C.B. 2010. Age estimation and otolith characteristics of an unusually old, red emperor snapper (Lutjanus sebae) captured off the Kimberley coast of north-western Australia. Applied Ichthyology 26: 120-122.

Newman, S.J. & Williams, D.McB. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation in assemblages of Lutjanidae, Lethrinidae and associated fish species among midcontinental shelf reefs in the central Great Barrier Reef. Marine and Freshwater Research 52: 843–851.

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Russell, B., Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Lawrence, A., Carpenter, K.E. & Myers, R. 2016. Lutjanus sebae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T194343A2316689. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T194343A2316689.en. Downloaded on 05 June 2020.

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Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37346004

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Danger:Reports of ciguatera poisoning

Depth:5-180 m

Fishing:Commercial, sports, aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:116 cm FL; 37 kg

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map