Yellowspot Goatfish, Parupeneus indicus (Shaw 1803)

Other Names: Indian Goatfish, Indian Goat-fish, Yellow-spot Goatfish

A Yellowspot Goatfish, Parupeneus indicus, at the Cobia Hole, Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Source: Lyle Vail / Lizard Island Field Guide, License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A pale goatfish with an elongate bright yellow patch on the upper side, a large black spot on the caudal peduncle centred just above the lateral line, and a dusky to dark stripe from the snout, through the eye to the beginning of the lateral line.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2016, Parupeneus indicus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 May 2024,

Yellowspot Goatfish, Parupeneus indicus (Shaw 1803)

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North of Carnarvon, Western Australia, to Moreton Bay, Queensland; also Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and Lord Howe Island, Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific from East Africa to the Caroline Islands. 
Inhabits sandy and silty areas, often amongst seagrass and macroalgae in depths to at least 30 m.


Greenish brown to reddish brown above with dark scale edges, becoming pale pink to whitish below, with a roundish black spot on the caudal peduncle centred just above the lateral line; a large, horizontally elongate yellow spot (sometimes partly white) on the lateral line below the space between the two dorsal fins; white barbels; irregular pale blue lines extending anteroventrally and dorsoposteriorly from eye; second dorsal and anal fins with irregular oblique pale blue lines; caudal fin yellowish grey with faint blue lines paralleling the rays; peritoneum dark brown.

Species Citation

Mullus indicus Shaw 1803, General Zoology or systematic natural history. London 4(2): 614. Type locality: Vizagapatam, Indian Seas.


Bray, D.J. 2016

Yellowspot Goatfish, Parupeneus indicus (Shaw 1803)


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Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

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Kühlmorgen-Hille, G. 1974. Family Mullidae. 33 pp. 76 figs in Fischer, W. & Whitehead, P.J.P. (eds) FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishing Purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific. Fishing areas 57 and 71. Rome : FAO Vol. 3. 

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Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37355005

Depth:1-30+ m

Habitat:Reef associated, sandy areas

Max Size:35 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map