Longsnout Boarfish, Pentaceropsis recurvirostris (Richardson 1845)


Other Names: Boarfish, Duckfish, Long Nose, Long Nose Boarfish, Longnose, Longnose Boarfish, Long-snout Boarfish, Long-snouted Boarfish, Striped Boarfish

A Longsnout Boarfish, Pentaceropsis recurvirostris, at Twin Reefs, Cape Patterson, Bunurong Marine Park, Victoria. Source: Mark Norman / Museum Victoria. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:

Large distinctive fishes with deep, compressed bodies, large 'spiky' looking fins and an almost tubular snout with a small mouth. Longsnout Boarfish are whitish with two dark angled bands on sides, a dark band from the front of the dorsal fin to snout tip, and dark markings on the fins. Juveniles have large brownish blotches on the body, dorsal and anal fins.

Video of a Longsnout Boarfish in southern New South Wales.


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Pentaceropsis recurvirostris in Fishes of Australia, accessed 30 Nov 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/629

Longsnout Boarfish, Pentaceropsis recurvirostris (Richardson 1845)

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to temperate waters of southern Australia, from Sydney, New South Wales, to Rottnest Island, Western Australia, including around Tasmania.

Inhabits rocky reefs and sandy areas in bays, harbours, and coastal waters at depths to 260 m. They rarely occur in deep waters, and are often seen sheltering beneath rocky ledges during the day.

Features

Dorsal fin X-XI, 14-15; Anal fin III, 10-11; Caudal fin17; Pectoral fin 16-18; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral line scales 78-85.
Body moderately deep, compressed, snout almost tubular, dorsal, anal and pelvic fins large; soft dorsal fin forming a distinctly pointed lobe, hind margin concave; pectoral-fin base in advance of pelvic-fin base, tail slightly forked.

Size

To 70 cm

Colour

Whitish with 2 broad dark angled bands on sides, and a dark band on head from above eye to snout tip. Juveniles with large brownish blotches on body, dorsal and anal fins.
Juveniles to about 13 cm SL have the entire body, except the head, pectoral and caudal fins, covered in large, regular, dark blotches, a dark nape, and a dark stripe from the eye to the snout.

Fisheries

Frequently trawled throughout its range, although catch rates are low. Reportedly good to eat.

Remarks

The fin spines are reportedly venomous.

Etymology

The specific name recurvirostris is from the Latin recurvus (= curved upwards) and rostrum (= beak, bill, snout) in reference to the very concave snout of this species.

Species Citation

Histiopterus recurvirostris Richardson, 1845, Zool. Voy. H.M.S. Erebus and Terror: 34, pl. 22(5, 6). Type locality: Storm Bay, Tasmania.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Longsnout Boarfish, Pentaceropsis recurvirostris (Richardson 1845)

References


  • Coulson, P.G., Hall, N.G. & Potter, I.C. 2016. Biological characteristics of three co-occurring species of armorhead from different genera vary markedly from previous results for the Pentacerotidae. Journal of Fish Biology 89(4): 1393-1418.
  • Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2nd edn, 624 pp. 
  • Edgar, G.J., Last, P.R. & Wells, M.W. 1982. Coastal Fishes of Tasmania and Bass Strait. Hobart : Cat & Fiddle Press 175 pp.
  • Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Enoplosidae and Pentacerotidae. pp. 609-617 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.
  • Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp.
  • Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.
  • Hardy, G.S. 1983. A revision of the fishes of the family Pentacerotidae (Perciformes). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 10: 177-220 figs 1-13 https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.1983.10423906
  • Hardy, G.S. 1994. Pentacerotidae. pp. 629-636, figs 553-559 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.
  • Hoschke, A., Whisson, G. & Moore, G.I. 2019. Complete list of fishes from Rottnest Island. pp. 150-161 in Whisson, G. & Hoschke, A. (eds) The Rottnest Island fish book. 2nd ed. Perth : Aqua Research and Monitoring Services.
  • Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 
  • Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 
  • Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.
  • Kim, S.-Y. 2012. Phylogenetic systematics of the family Pentacerotidae (Actinopterygii: Order Perciformes). Zootaxa 3366: 1-111.
  • Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.
  • Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to sea fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.
  • Kuiter, R. & Kuiter, S. 2018. Coastal sea-fishes of south-eastern Australia. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, 371 pp.
  • Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs.
  • May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.
  • Richardson, J. 1845. Ichthyology. 17-52 pls 7-8 (parts), 11-30 in Richardson, J. & Gray, J.E. (eds). The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror under the Command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross, R.N., F.R.S., during the years 1839–43. London : E.W. Janson Vol. 2 139 pp. See ref online
  • Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs.
  • Steindachner, F. & Döderlein, L. 1883. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Fische Japan's (II). Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Wien 48: 1-40 figs 1-7
  • Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.
  • Quick Facts


    CAAB Code:37367003

    Danger:Venomous fin spines?

    Depth:3-260 metres

    Fishing:Commercial species

    Max Size:50 cm TL

    Native:Endemic

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