Flame Angelfish, Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874)

Other Names: Japanese Pygmy Angelfish

A Flame Angelfish, Centropyge loricula, at Mborokua, Solomon Islands, April 2019. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A brilliant orange pygmy angelfish with a large elongate black blotch behind the pectoral-fin base, a series of black bars on the sides, and alternating purplish-blue and black streaks on the rear of the dorsal and anal fins that are more pronounced in males.
Video of Flame Angelfish at Johnston Atoll, depth 30m.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Centropyge loriculus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/641

Flame Angelfish, Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874)

More Info


Northern Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the western-central Pacific. Inhabits seaward reefs and lagoons.


The derivation of the specific name is unclear: perhaps derived from the Latin loricula (=  breast plate, corset) in reference to the black vertical bars on body, like the laces of a corset; or from the Latin lorum (= strap) and the dimutive culus (= small straps), in reference to the short vertical bands on the body; or a combination of the Malay Lori (= parrot) and the Latin culus (Doug Hoese, Australian Faunal Directory).

Species Citation

Holacanthus loriculus Günther 1874, Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee Bd 1 (2)(7): 53l. Type locality:  Society Islands (French Polynesia).


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Flame Angelfish, Centropyge loriculus (Günther 1874)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & Allen, M. 1998. A Guide to Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes. Cairns : Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research 250 pp. figs.

Günther, A. 1874. Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee. Heft 3. Journal des Museum Godeffroy, Hamburg 2(7): 49-96 pls 41-60

Kuiter, R.H., Debelius, H. & Tanaka, H. 2003. Pomacanthidae, a Comprehensive Guide to Angelfishes. Melbourne : Zoonetics 206 pp.

Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae. pp. 3224-3286 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World. Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed Vol. 1 144 pp. 216 figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37365028


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:15-60 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map