Vermiculate Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus (Bloch 1787)


Other Names: Vermiculated Angelfish

A Vermiculate Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus, at Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia. Source: Paddy Ryan / http://www.ryanphotographic.com/. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
An angelfish with a yellow snout, blue lips, a pale area behind the becoming purplish-grey with pale vermiculations posteriorly, a black bar through the eye, and a yellow tail.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Feb 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/647

Vermiculate Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus (Bloch 1787)

More Info


Distribution

Offshore reefs of northwestern Australia, and Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific - Indonesia, Western Australia to Malaysia, the Philippines and southern Japan. 
Inhabits inner reefs and lagoons, often in silty areas with rich coral growth, sheltering among hard coral when threatened.

Features

Dorsal-fin rays 16-18; Anal-fin rays 16-18; Pectoral fin 15-16.

Feeding

Feeds on sponges, tunicates and algae.

Biology

Species of the genus Chaetodontoplus are protogynous hermaphrodites: they can change sex from female to male during their life cycle. Males guard a territory containing one or two females.

Species Citation

Chaetodon mesoleucus Bloch 1787, Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische Vol. 3: 117, pl. 216, fig. 2. Type locality: Japan (possibly in error).

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Vermiculate Angelfish, Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus (Bloch 1787)

References


Allen, G.R. 1980. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Wiley, New York.

Allen, G.R. 1996. New records of reef and shore fishes from northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 18: 109-112 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & Allen, M. 1998. A Guide to Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes. Cairns : Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research 250 pp. figs. (both Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus and C. poliourus figured)

Bloch, M.E. 1787. Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische. Berlin : J. Morino Vol. 3 146 pp. pls 181-216.

Endoh, K. 2007. Angelfishes of the World. Two Little Fishies, Inc., Miami Gardens, Florida.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H., Debelius, H. & Tanaka, H. 2003. Pomacanthidae, a Comprehensive Guide to Angelfishes. Melbourne : Zoonetics 206 pp.

Moyer, J.T. 1990. Social and reproductive behavior of Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus (Pomacanthidae) at Bantayan Island, Philippines. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 36(4): 459–67. https://doi.org/10.11369/jji1950.36.459, open access

Pyle, R. 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3266-3286. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Pyle, R., Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T. 2010. Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T165884A6156968. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T165884A6156968.en. Downloaded on 17 February 2020.

Randall, J.E. & Rocha, L.A. 2009. Chaetodontoplus poliourus, a new angelfish (Perciformes: Pomacanthidae) from the tropical western Pacific. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 57(2): 511-520. See ref online


Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105 

Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World. Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed Vol. 1 144 pp. 216 figs.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37365083

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-25 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish (rare)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:18 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map