Northwest Black Bream, Acanthopagrus palmaris (Whitley 1935)

Other Names: Hump-headed Bream, North West Black Bream

Northwest Black Bream, Acanthopagrus palmaris. Source: Barry Hutchins / Western Australian Museum. License: All rights reserved

A blackish to dark brown bream becoming silvery below with greyish to black fins. Larger fish sometimes develop a hump on the forehead.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Acanthopagrus palmaris in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Jun 2024,

Northwest Black Bream, Acanthopagrus palmaris (Whitley 1935)

More Info


Endemic to northern Australia from the Shark Bay region, Western Australia, northwards to the Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland. Inhabits coastal reefs, estuaries, and sometimes the lower freshwater reaches of rivers.


A popular angling fish, usually taken on hook and line. The species also occurs in trawl grounds.

Species Citation

Roughleyia palmaris Whitley 1935, Rec. Aust. Mus. 19(4): 234, fig. 7. Type locality: Port Hedland, WA.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Northwest Black Bream, Acanthopagrus palmaris (Whitley 1935)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Hsu, T.-H., Guillén Madrid, A.G., Burridge, C.P., Cheng, H.-Y. & Gwo, J.-C. 2011. Resolution of the Acanthopagrus black seabream complex based on mitochondrial and amplified fragment-length polymorphism analyses. Journal of Fish Biology 79: 1182–1192.

Iwatsuki, Y. 2013. Review of the Acanthopagrus latus complex (Perciformes: Sparidae) with descriptions of three new species from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Journal of Fish Biology 83: 64-95.

Iwatsuki, Y. & Carpenter, K.E. 2006. Acanthopagrus taiwanensis, a new sparid fish (Perciformes), with comparisons to Acanthopagrus berda (Forsskal, 1775) and other nominal species of Acanthopagrus. Zootaxa 1202: 1-19.

Iwatsuki, Y., Kume, M.. & Yoshino, T. 2010. A new species, Acanthopagrus pacificus from the Western Pacific (Pisces, Sparidae). Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series A 36(4): 115–130.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Munro, I.S.R. 1949. Revision of Australian silver breams, Mylio and Rhabdosargus. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 12(4): 182-223 figs 1-5 pls 16-23 (as Mylio palmarisSee ref at BHL

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp.

Russell, B., Mann, B.Q., Buxton, C.D., Pollard, D., Carpenter, K.E. & Iwatsuki, Y. 2014. Acanthopagrus palmaris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T170181A1288460. Downloaded on 27 September 2018.

Whitley, G.P. 1935. Studies in Ichthyology No. 9. Records of the Australian Museum 19(4): 215-250 figs 1-11 pl. 18

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37353014


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-50 m

Fishing:Recreational fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:40 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map