Frypan Bream, Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål 1775)

Other Names: Bowen Snapper, Frying-pan Snapper, Frypan Snapper, King Soldierbream, Longfin Snapper, Longspine Snapper, Long-spined Snapper

Frypan Bream, Argyrops spinifer. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial

A silvery to pink seabream with a darker head, a dark red margin on the upper part of the gill cover, and red fins. Juveniles have several red bands on the body and elongate dorsal-fin spines.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Argyrops spinifer in Fishes of Australia, accessed 23 Apr 2021,

Frypan Bream, Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål 1775)

More Info


Recorded in Australia from the Shark Bay region, WA, to off Broome Head, NSW. Found elsewhere in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.


An important food fish in parts of the world. In Australia, the species is trawled, lined and trapped off the north-western coast of Australia, and is also taken in parts of the Great Barrier Reef. As the name Frypan Bream suggests, this species is considered very good eating.

Species Citation

Sparus spinifer Forsskål, 1775, Descriptiones animalium: 32. Type locality: Jidda, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea.


Dianne J. Bray

Frypan Bream, Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål 1775)


Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Al Mamry, J.M., McCarthy, I.D., Richardson, C.A. & Ben Meriem, S. 2009. Biology of the kingsoldier bream (Argyrops spinifer, Forsska˚l 1775; Sparidae), from the Arabian Sea, Oman. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 25: 559–564.

Carpenter, K.E. 2001. Sparidae, Lethrinidae. pp. 2990-3050 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. 

El-Sayed, M., Abdel-Fatteh, M. & Abdel-Bary, K. 1998. Growth and mortality of longspine seabream, Argyrops spinifer (Teleostei: Sparidae) in the Arabian Gulf waters off Qatar. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. India 38: 80–84.

Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones animalium Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris rubri geographica. Hauniae : Mölleri 1-19, i-xxxiv, 164 pp., 43, pls.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grandcourt, E.M., Al Abdessalaam, T.Z., Francis, F. & Al Shamsi, T. 2004. Biology and stock assessment of the Sparids, Acanthopagrus bifasciatus and Argyrops spinifer (Forsskal, 1775), in the Southern Arabian Gulf. Fisheries Research 69(1): 7-20.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Iwatsuki, Y., Russell, B., Carpenter, K.E., Mann, B.Q., Buxton, C.D., Pollard, D., Shao, K., Kaymaram, F., Hassan-Al-Khalf, K., Abdulqader, E., Hartmann, S., Bishop, J., Alnazry, H., Alam, S. & Jassim Kawari, A. 2014. Argyrops spinifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 16 November 2014.

Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 pp.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Salini, J.P., Blaber, S.J. & Brewer, D.T. 1994. Diets of trawled predatory fish of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, with particular reference to predation on prawns. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 45(3): 397-411.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37353006

Biology:Capable of changing sex

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:5-150 m

Fishing:Recreational & commercial fish

Max Size:70 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map