Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica (Carmichael 1818)

Other Names: Antarctic Butterfish, Big Eye, Big-eye Trevalla, Blue Eye, Blue-eye, Blue-eye Cod, Bluenose, Blue-nose, Bluenose Bass, Bluenose Warehou, Bream Trevalla, Deep Sea Trevalla, Deepsea Trevalla, Deep-sea Trevalla, Griffin's Silverfish, Sea Trevally, Stoney-eye, Trevalla

A Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica, from a seamount in the Tasman Sea, May 2003. Source: Robin McPhee / NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A large bluish-grey fish fading to grey on the belly, with dark metallic grey fins, and large, deep blue eyes with a gold margin.

Video on CSIRO research into Blue-eye Trevalla

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Hyperoglyphe antarctica in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 May 2024,

Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica (Carmichael 1818)

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Inhabits continental slope waters of southern and eastern Australia, and seamounts ridges and rises in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere waters. 
Adults are benthopelagic over deep reefs and rises on the continental slope, occurring near the bottom during the day, and moving up into the water column to feed at night. Juveniles inhabit  near-surface waters for the first two years of their life (to about 47 cm FL), sometimes around floating debris.


Dorsal fin VII-IX, 18-21; Anal fin 13-16. 
Body wide, deep. Two dorsal fins, first low with stout spines, barely separated from taller second soft dorsal; middle spines of first dorsal fin longest. Nape scaleless except for small oval patch of scales on each side above and behind eye. Lateral line arched just behind head then curving downwards to midline of body at about middle of anal fin.


Females mature at 11-12 years of age, and males mature at 8-9 years of age. This relatively long-lived species is estimated to live to a maximum age of 76 years.
Spawning occurs in summer and autumn, with adults aggregating to spawn in shallower waters from central New South Wales to north-eastern Tasmania. Spawning occurs from March to April in Tasmania and April to June in New South Wales. 
Females produce 2-11 million eggs per spawning season, releasing them in several batches.


This deep-water species is considered to be commercially and recreationally important, and is considered excellent eating. 


Blue-eye Trevalla are taken by bottom trawl and by longlining. They are vulnerable to fishing pressure as they are long lived, are late to mature, and form schooling and spawning aggregations, making them easier to catch than solitary species.

Species Citation

Perca antarctica Carmichael 1818, Trans. Linnean Soc. Lond. 12(29): 501. Type locality: Tristan da Cunha.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Blue-eye Trevalla, Hyperoglyphe antarctica (Carmichael 1818)


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Bolch, C.J., Last, P.R., Elliott, N.G., Ward, R.D. & Rowling, K. 1993. Two blue-eyes? Australian Fisheries 52(4): 24-25. 

Bolch, C.J.S. , Ward, R.D. & Last, P.R. 1994. Biochemical systematics of the marine fish family Centrolophidae (Teleostei: Stromateoidei) from Australian waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 45: 1157-1172. Abstract

Carmichael, D. 1818. Description of four species of fish found on the coast of Tristan da Cunha. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 12(29): 500-513 pls 24-27 

Duffy, C.A.J., Stewart, A.L. & Yarrall, R. 2000. First record of pre-settlement juvenile bluenose, Hyperoglyphe antarctica, from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 34: 353-358.

Fay, G., Punt, A.E. & Smith, D.C. 2011. Impacts of spatial uncertainty on performance of age structure-based harvest strategies for blue eye trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica). Fisheries Research 110(3): 391-407, Abstract

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Griffin, L.T. 1928. Studies in New Zealand fishes. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 59: 374-388 figs 1-10 (as Seriolella amplus)

Günther, A. 1859. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 524 pp. 

Haedrich, R.L. 1967. The stromateoid fishes; systematics and a classification. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 135(2): 31-139 figs 1-56 

Hindell, J., Hamer, P., McPartlan, H. & Robertson, S. 2006. Preliminary assessment of the utility of otolith microchemistry, otolith shape analysis and mitochondrial DNA analyses in stock discrimination of blue-eye trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica) from Australian shelf waters and offshore seamounts and New Zealand. Queenscliff, Final Report, FRDC Project 2003/045. Marine and Freshwater Systems, Primary Industries Research Victoria.

Horn, P.L. 1988. Age and growth of bluenose, Hyperoglyphe antarctica (Pisces: Stromateoidei) from the lower east coast, North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 22(3): 369-378.

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Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp. 

Jones, G.K. 1985. An exploratory survey for deepsea trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica) in continental slope waters off South Australia. Fisheries Research Paper No 15. Department of Fisheries SA, Adelaide, SA., 20 pp.

Jones, G.K. 1988. The biological status of the deepsea trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica) offshore line fishery in South Australian waters. Discussion paper, South Australian Department of Fisheries, 15 pp.

Kalish, J. & Johnston, J. 2002. Application of the bomb radiocarbon chronometer to the validation of blue eye trevalla (Hyperoglyphe antarctica) age, pp. 148–163. In, Kalish, J. (ed.) Use of the Bomb Radiocarbon Chronometer to Validate Fish Age. Final Report FRDC Project 93/109, Canberra: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation and Australian National University.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. 

May, J.L. & Blaber, S.J.M. 1989. Benthic and pelagic fish biomass of the upper continental slope off eastern Tasmania. Marine Biology 101: 11-25. Abstract

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp. 

McCulloch, A.R. 1914. Report on some fishes obtained by the F.I.S. Endeavour on the coasts of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South and South-Western Australia. Part 2. Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-1914 2(3): 77-165 figs 1-15 pls 13-34 (as Hyperoglyphe johnstonii)

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Richardson, J. 1845. Ichthyology. 17-52 pls 7-8 (parts), 11-30 in Richardson, J. & Gray, J.E. (eds). The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror under the Command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross, R.N., F.R.S., during the years 1839–43. London : E.W. Janson Vol. 2 139 pp. pls 1-60. (as Diagramma porosa)

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Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37445001

Depth:200-900 m

Fishing:Commercial & recreational fish


Max Size:140 cm TL; 50 kg

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map