New Zealand Ruffe, Schedophilus huttoni (Waite 1910)

A New Zealand Ruffle, Schedophilus huttoni, from a depth of 520 metres, south of Mallacoota, Victoria. Source: David Paul / Museum Victoria. License: CC BY Attribution

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Schedophilus huttoni in Fishes of Australia, accessed 01 Apr 2023,

New Zealand Ruffe, Schedophilus huttoni (Waite 1910)

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Southeastern Australia from off Newcastle, New South Wales, to southwest of Cape Bridgewater, Victoria, and off Tasmania. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal in southern waters.
Adults are benthopelagic near the bottom, while larvae and juveniles are pelagic in near surface waters.


Occasionally taken as bycatch in commercial trawls.


The species is named for Captain F. W. Hutton F.R.S, curator of the Canterbury Museum, New Zealand.

Species Citation

Centrolophus huttoni Waite 1910, Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 42: 387. Type locality: Sumner beach, near Christchurch, New Zealand


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

New Zealand Ruffe, Schedophilus huttoni (Waite 1910)


Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Haedrich, R.L. 1967. The stromateoid fishes: systematics and a classification. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 135(5): 31-139 See ref at BHL

Iwamoto, T. 2015. Schedophilus huttoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T21113133A21914705. Downloaded on 06 November 2020.

Last, P.R., Daley, R.K. & Duhamel, G. 2013. A review of the rudderfish genus Tubbia (Stromateoidei: Centrolophidae) with the description of a new species from the Southern Hemisphere. Zootaxa3616(5): 461-477

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. 

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

McDowall, R.M. 1982. The centrolophid fishes of New Zealand (Pisces : Stromateoidei). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 12(2): 103-142 figs 1-20

McDowall, R.M. 1994. Family Centrolophidae. pp. 832-838, figs 736-741 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

McDowall, R.M. 2001. Centrolophidae. pp. 3767-3770 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Parin, N.V. & Piotrovsky, A.S. 2004. Stromateoid fishes (suborder Stromateoidei) of the Indian Ocean (species composition, distribution, biology, and fisheries). Journal of Ichthyology 44(Suppl. 1): 33-62 

Stewart, A.L., Last, P.R. & Struthers, C.D. 2015. 235 Family Centrolophidae. pp. 1648-1661 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds) 2015. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748.

Waite, E.R. 1910. Notes on New Zealand fishes. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 42: 384-391 figs 37-38 See ref at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37445003

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:67-1200 m

Habitat:Pelagic, benthopelagic

Max Size:90 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map