Lyretail Grubfish, Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner 1900)


Other Names: Flagfin Weaver, Lyre-tail Grubfish, Redspotted Sandperch

A Lyretail Grubfish, Parapercis schauinslandii, at Tulamben, Bali, Indonesia. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution

Summary:
A striking grubfish with black or reddish to dark brown blotches along the upper side, alternating with reddish bars on the lower side, the spinous dorsal fin black near the base and deep reddish distally, the soft dorsal fin with a row of dark spots, two narrow bright red bars on the pectoral-fin base, and two dark spots on the tail base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Parapercis schauinslandii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/753

Lyretail Grubfish, Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner 1900)

More Info


Distribution


Clerke Reef, Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef, Western Australia, to Cartier Reef in the Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical Indo-west-central Pacific.
Inhabits open sandy and rubble areas on deep seaward and coastal slopes, and deep sandy reef flats. Adults often rise up off the bottom to feed. 

Feeding

Adults often swim high above the bottom to feed on zooplankton, usually amongst other fishes such as basslets. 

Etymology

The species is named in honour of Hugo Hermann Schauinsland who collected the type specimen.

Species Citation

Percis schauinslandii Steindachner 1900, Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 16: 175. Type locality: Oahu Island, Hawaii.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2022

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Lyretail Grubfish, Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner 1900)

References


Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & T. Tonozuka. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Seaford, Australia : Zoonetics, pp. 304-622.

Randall, J.E. 2001. Pinguipedidae. pp. 3501-3510 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. 


Randall, J.E. 2008. Six new sandperches of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with description of a neotype for P. maculata (Bloch and Schneider). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 19: 159-178.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) 1986. Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

Steindachner, F. 1900. Fische aus dem Stillen Ocean. Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 16: 175

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37390017

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Depth:12-170 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:18 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map