Doublebar Goatfish, Parupeneus crassilabris (Valenciennes 1831)

Other Names: Double-banded Goatfish, Double-bar Goatfish, Thicklipped Goatfish, Two-banded Goatfish, Twobarred Goatfish, Yellowstripe Goatfish

A Doublebar Goatfish, Parupeneus crassilabris, at Rapid Horn, Osprey Reef, Coral Sea, December 2000. Source: Erik Schlogl / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A large whitish to yellow or purplish goatfish with yellow scale margins or a yellow spot on scales, a black patch around the eye, two broad dark bars on the side, and a bright red inner iris rim.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Parupeneus crassilabris in Fishes of Australia, accessed 29 May 2024,

Doublebar Goatfish, Parupeneus crassilabris (Valenciennes 1831)

More Info


Ningaloo Reef to north-west of the Montebello Islands, including offshore reefs, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west-central Pacific (Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia east to the Caroline Islands and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia).


Dorsal fin VIII, 9; Anal fin I, 7; Pectoral fin 15-16 (rarely 15); Gill rakers 7-10 + 27-31 (total 35-40). 
Body deeper with growth; head length (HL) 2.8-3.15 in SL; snout length 1.75-1.95 in HL; barbels short, 1.45-1.75 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.4-1.6 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.2-1.5 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.25-1.45 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.2-1.4 in HL. 


Whitish with scale edges yellow or yellowish grey, posterior edge often enlarged to a distinct yellow spot; upper two-thirds of body with two very large oval black spots, the first centred below anterior part of spinous dorsal fin, second below anterior half or more of second dorsal fin, extending into basal part of fin; a large black spot on head behind and enclosing part of eye, extending diffusely toward corner of mouth; broad outer part of second dorsal and anal fins blue with narrow oblique dark-edged yellow bands; caudal fin streaked with dull blue and yellow; inner rim of iris bright red.


This species has been treated as a synonym of Parupeneus bifasciatus.

Species Citation

Upeneus crassilabris Valenciennes 1831, Hist. Nat. Poiss. 7:  523. Type locality: New Guinea.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Doublebar Goatfish, Parupeneus crassilabris (Valenciennes 1831)


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91. (as Parupeneus bifasciatus)

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. (p. 90, as Parupeneus bifasciatus)

Bleeker, P. 1875. Révision des espèces insulindiennes de la famille des Mulloïdes. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen 15: 1-40.

Collen, B., Richamn, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M. (Sampled Red List Index Coordinating Team). 2010.Parupeneus crassilabris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T155176A4736240. Downloaded on 18 May 2016.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. (p. 213, as Parupeneus bifasciatus)

Günther, A. 1859. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 524 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Macleay, W.J. 1883. Contribution to the knowledge of the fishes of New Guinea. No. 4. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 8(2): 252-280 (p. 263, as Parupeneus semifasciatus)

Randall, J.E. 2001. Mullidae. pp. 3175-3200 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. (p. 3186, as Parupeneus bifasciatus)

Randall, J.E. 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 36: 1-64 pls 1-16

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E. & Myers, R.F. 2002. Parupeneus insularis, a new central Pacific species of goatfish (Perciformes: Mullidae) of the P. trifasciatus complex. Zoological Studies 41(4): 431-440.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105.

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1831. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 7 531 pp. pls 170-208.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37355023

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-83 m

Max Size:38 cm TL

Max Size:Reef associated

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CAAB distribution map