Mimic Surgeonfish, Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz 1834


Other Names: Chocolate Surgeonfish, Mimic Surgeon, Orange-gilled Surgeonfish, Pacific Mimic Surgeon, Yellowspot Surgeon

A Mimic Surgeonfish, Acanthurus pyroferus, at Tulamben, Bali, Indonesia. Source: Graham Edgar / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:
Adults are yellowish-brown with a white band around the mouth, an orange to black margin around the eye, a dark band from the chin to the top of the gill cover, an orange area around the pectoral fin base, and a yellow margin on the caudal fin.
Juveniles mimic several species of pygmy angelfish of the genus Centropyge, depending on where they occur - C. flavissimaC. heraldi and C. vrolikii.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Acanthurus pyroferus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1030

Mimic Surgeonfish, Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz 1834

More Info


Distribution

Scott Reef (14°03'S), WA, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea (12°15'S), Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and northern Great Barrier Reef (12°00'S) to Moreton Bay (23°30'S), QLD, and juveniles to Montague Island, NSW; also Osprey Reef, Coringa-Herald Cays and Lihou Reef, Coral Sea; tropical, west-central Pacific.

Feeding

A grazer/detritivore - feeds on detritus and sediment.

Species Citation

Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz 1834, Mus. Senckenberg. 1: 191, fig. 2, pl. 12. Type locality: Woleai Atoll (= Oleai,Atoll), Caroline Islands (as Ulea Island).

Author

Dianne J. Bray

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Mimic Surgeonfish, Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz 1834

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91.

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. 292 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Choat, J.H., Abesamis, R., Clements, K.D., McIlwain, J., Myers, R., Nanola, C., Rocha, L.A., Russell, B. & Stockwell, B. 2012. Acanthurus pyroferus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T178022A1523952. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T178022A1523952.en. Downloaded on 12 August 2016.

Choat, J.H., Robbins, W.D. & Clements, K.D. 2004. The trophic status of herbivorous fishes on coral reefs. Marine Biology 145: 445-454. 

Coleman, N. 1981. Australian Sea Fishes North of 30°S. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 297 pp.

Comeros-Raynal, M.T., Choat, J.H., Polidoro, B.A., Clements, K.D., Abesamis, R., Craig, M.T., Lazuardi, M.E., McIlwain, J., Muljadi, A., Myers, R.F., Nañola Jr., C.L., Pardede, S., Rocha, L.A., Russell, B., Sanciangco, J.C., Stockwell, B., Harwell, H. & Carpenter, K.E. 2012. The likelihood of extinction of iconic and dominant components of coral reefs: the parrotfishes and surgeonfishes. PLoS ONE http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039825.  

Eagle, J.V. & Jones, G.P. 2004. Mimicry in coral reef fishes: ecological and behavioural responses of a mimic to its model. Journal of Zoology, London 264: 33-43. 

Green, A.L. & Bellwood, D.R. 2009. Monitoring functional groups of herbivorous reef fishes as indicators of coral reef resilience – A practical guide for coral reef managers in the Asia Pacific region. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kittlitz, F.H. von 1834. Beschreibung mehrerer neuer oder wenig gekannter Arten des Geschlechtes Acanthurus, im stillen Ocean. Museum Senckenbergianum 1: 189-196 pls 12-13

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Debelius, H. 2001. Surgeonfishes, Rabbitfishes and Their Relatives. A comprehensive guide to Acanthuroidei. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 208 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp.

Rainey, M.M. 2009. Evidence of a geographically varaible competitive mimicry relationship in coral reef fishes. Journal of Zoology 279: 78-85. 

Rainey, M.M. & Grether, G.F. 2007. Competitive mimicry: synthesis of a neglected class of mimetic relationships. Ecology 88: 2440-2448. 

Randall, J.E. 1956. A revision of the surgeon fish genus Acanthurus. Pacific Science 10(2): 159-235 figs 1-23 pls 1-3

Randall, J.E. 2001. Surgeonfishes of Hawai'i and the World. Honolulu : Mutual Publishing and Bishop Museum Press 125 pp. 

Randall, J.E. 2001. Zanclidae, Acanthuridae. pp. 3651-3683 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E. & Randall, H.A. 1960. Example of mimicry and protective resemblance in tropical marine fishes. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 10(4): 444-480. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37437017

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:4-60 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:29 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map