Magpie Perch, Cheilodactylus nigripes Richardson 1850


Other Names: Black-striped Morwong, Magpie Morwong

A juvenile Magpie Perch, Cheilodactylus nigripes, at Rapid Bay Jetty, South Australia, December 2003. Source: Erik Schlogl / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A morwong with two broad black bands on the body and a band on the head through the eye. One of the bands on the body may be pale grey in some individuals, and juveniles have a reddish tail that darkens with maturity. Individuals can rapidly change colour by lightening the dark bands.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Cheilodactylus nigripes in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Nov 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2418

Magpie Perch, Cheilodactylus nigripes Richardson 1850

More Info


Distribution

Southern Australia, from Sydney, New South Wales. to Albany, Western Australia, and including northern Tasmania. Elsewhere the species occurs in northern New Zealand. Inhabits protected and exposed coastal reefs, often sheltering in small groups in caves.

Features

Dorsal fin  XVIII, 24-28; Anal fin III, 10; Caudal fin 15; Pectoral fin 13; Pelvic fin I, 5; Lateral line scales 65-70; Vertebrae 35
Body robust, compressed, head profile concave with a pair of small "horns" in front of the eyes; lips thick, rubbery; lower pectoral-fin rays thickened and elongate. 

Colour

Body with three broad black bands, the first on the head, the second encircling the body behind the head and the third crossing the anal fin and soft dorsal fin. The middle band is dark in some individuals and light grey in others and the reddish tail of juveniles darkens with maturity. 

Feeding

Feeds by sucking benthic invertebrates such as molluscs and polychaete worms from the bottom sediment and patches of turf algae.

Remarks

Although common on southern reefs, Magpie Perch are not commonly taken by anglers because they feed on benthic invertebrates sucked from the bottom sediment and from patches of turf algae.

Species Citation

Cheilodactylus nigripes Richardson 1850, Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 18: 66. Type locality: King George Sound, Western Australia.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Magpie Perch, Cheilodactylus nigripes Richardson 1850

References


Allen, G.R. & Heemstra, P.C. 1976. Cheilodactylus rubrolabiatus, a new species of morwong (Pisces : Cheilodactylidae) from Western Australia, with a key to the cheilodactylid fishes of Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 4(4): 311-325 figs 1-2.

Ayling, T. & Cox, G.J. 1982. Collins Guide to the Seafishes of New Zealand. Auckland : Collins 343 pp. 48 pls 475 figs.

Burridge, C.P. & White, R.W.G. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of the antitropical subgenus Goniistius (Perciformes: Cheilodactylidae: Cheilodactylus): evidence for multiple transequatorial divergences and non-monophyly. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 435-458.

Cappo, M. 1995. The population biology of the temperate reef fish Cheilodactylus nigripes in an artificial reef environment. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 119: 113–122. 

Connell, S.D. 2002. Effects of a predator and prey on a foraging reef fish: implications for understanding density-dependent growth. Journal of Fish Biology 60: 1551-1561.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2002.tb02447.x Abstract

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2, 624 pp.

Francis, M. 2001. Coastal Fishes of New Zealand. Auckland : Reed Publishing (NZ) 3, 103 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1994. Family Cheilodactylidae. pp. 644-655, figs 566-574 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs.

May, J.L. & Maxwell, G.J.H. 1986. Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. Tasmania : CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, 492 pp.

Randall, J.E. 1983. A review of the fishes of the subgenus Goniistius, genus Cheilodactylus, with description of a new species from Easter Island and Rapa. Occasional Papers of Bernice P. Bishop Museum 25(7): 1-24.

Richardson, J. 1850. Notices of Australian fish. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 18: 58-77 figs 1-3. See ref at BHL

Roberts, C.D. 2015. 199 Family Cheilodactylidae, pp. 1347-1357, in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds) The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748.

Roberts, C.D. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Cheilodactylidae and Latridae. pp. 624-632 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Saville-Kent, W. 1888. Notes on the identity of certain Tasmanian fishes. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1887: 47-48 (as Chilodactylus vizonarius) Ref available online, open access

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs.

Wellenreuther, M. & Connell, S.D. 2002. Response of predators to prey abundance: separating the effects of prey density and patch size. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 273: 61–71 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(02)00145-4 Abstract

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37377001

Depth:1-65 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:41 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map