Oblique-bar Monocle Bream, Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872


Other Names: Bluestripe Coral Bream, Blue-stripe Spinecheek, Obliquebarred Monocle Bream, Oblique-barred Monocle Bream, Pearl-streaked Monocle Bream

An Oblique-bar Monocle Bream, Scolopsis xenochrous, in Lembeh Strait, north Sulawesi, Indonesia, January 2018. Source: Rickard Zerpe / Flickr. License: CC BY Attribution

Summary:
A greyish-brown goatfish becoming silvery-white below, with a pearly-blue streak along the dorsal-fin base, an oblique pearly-blue bar above the pectoral-fin base followed by about 6 oblique rows of brown spots and an elongate white to bluish blotch below the lateral line.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Scolopsis xenochrous in Fishes of Australia, accessed 19 Jul 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2481

Oblique-bar Monocle Bream, Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872

More Info


Distribution

Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef to northeast of Townsville, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific, from the Maldives and Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands, and north to the Ryukyu Islands, Japan.
Inhabits rocky-rubble and weedy areas on coral reefs, outer reef slopes and lagoons.

Features

Dorsal fin X, 9; Anal fin III, 7. 
Head scales reaching forward to between level of anterior margin of eyes and posterior nostrils. Lower limb of preopercle scaly. Antrorse (forward-directed) suborbital spine present beneath eye. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to or almost to level of anus.

Colour

Upper body greyish-brown, silvery-white below. A pearly-blue streak from behind eye along dorsal fin base. An oblique, brown-edged pearly-blue bar above the pectoral base. An elongate white blotch below lateral line on posterior half of body, a yellowish tinge above this blotch. Snout dusky and a black blotch on opercle.

Feeding

Feeds mostly on benthic crustaceans.

Species Citation

Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872, Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4 10(60): 423. Type locality: Misool Island, Irian Jaya, Indonesia (as Misol Island).

Author

Bray, D.J. 2018

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Oblique-bar Monocle Bream, Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Günther, A. 1872. On some new species of reptiles and fishes collected by J. Brenchley, Esq. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4 10(60): 418-426 See ref. at BHL

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Nemipterid fishes of the World (Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams, Monocle breams, Dwarf monocle breams, and Coral breams — Family Nemipteridae). Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 12. Rome : FAO 149 pp. VIII pls. 

Russell, B.C. 2001. Nemipteridae. pp. 3051-3089 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37347035

Depth:5-50 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:22 cm TL

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