Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier 1816)


Other Names: Slender Hammerhead

A juvenile Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii, caught in King Sound, Western Australia. Source: David Morgan / Freshwater Fish Group & Fish Health Unit, Murdoch University. License: All rights reserved

Summary:

A hammerhead shark with a very wide, narrow wing-like head that has small bumps along the edges in front of the nostrils, short triangular-shaped pectoral fins and teeth with smooth edges.


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Eusphyra blochii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 18 Jul 2019, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/3143

Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier 1816)

More Info


Distribution

Recorded in Australian waters from the Monte Bello Islands, Western Australia, to about Ingham, Queensland. Elsewhere, the species is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from the Arabian Gulf through south Asia, Indonesia and China to northern Australia. Inhabits shallow inshore and continental shelf waters, occasionally entering estuaries. 

Feeding

Feeds on bony fishes, crustaceans and cephalopod molluscs.

Biology

Winghead Sharks are a slow growing species attaining a maximum known total length of 186 cm, a maximum age of 21 years with a generation length of 14 years. Females produce litters each year of up to 11 young after an 8-11 month gestation period. The pups are born at about 45 cm TL, and mature at about 110 cm TL.

Fisheries

Fished throughout its range, and particularly susceptible to being entangled in fishing nets due to the head shape. The Winged Shark comprises a small proportion of the catch in Australia.

Species Citation

Zygaena blochii Cuvier, 1816, Règne Animal 2: 127 (based on figure in Bloch, 1785). Type locality: no locality specified.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Winghead Shark, Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier 1816)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1998. Family Sphyrnidae. pp. 1361-1366 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 2 687-1396 pp.

Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World. London : Collins 368 pp.

Cuvier, G.L. 1816. Le Règne Animal, distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. Les reptiles et les poisons. Paris : Déterville Vol. 2 pp. 104-351.

Gallagher A.J., Shiffman, D.S. & Giery, S.T. 2014. Evolved for Extinction: The Cost and Conservation Implications of Specialization in Hammerhead Sharks. BioScience 64(7): 619-624 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biu071

Gilbert, C.R. 1967. A revision of the hammerhead sharks (family Sphyrnidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 119(3539): 1-88 pls 1-10

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Harry, A.V., Macbeth,W.G., Gutteridge, A.N. & Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2011. The life histories of endangered hammerhead sharks (Carcharhiniformes, Sphyrnidae) from the east coast of Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 78: 2026–2051.

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls.

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp.

Lim, D.D., Motta, P., Mara, K. & Martin, A.P. 2010. Phylogeny of hammerhead sharks (Family Sphyrnidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55(2): 572-579 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.037


Lim, D.D., Motta, P., Mara, K. & Martin, A.P. 2011. Corrigendum to "Phylogeny of hammerhead sharks (Family Sphyrnidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear genes". [Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 55 (2010) 572–579] Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58(2): 414 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2011.01.004




Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. & Houston, W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 6(1): 69-84

Smart, J.J. & Simpfendorfer, C. 2016. Eusphyra blochii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T41810A68623209. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41810A68623209.en. Downloaded on 18 June 2019.

Stevens, J.D. & Lyle, J.M. 1989. Biology of three hammerhead sharks (Eusphyra blochii, Sphyrna mokarran and S. lewini) form Northern Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 40: 129–146.

White, W.T., P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens, G.K. Yearsley, Fahmi & Dharmadi. 2006. Economically important sharks and rays of Indonesia. [Hiu dan pari yang bernilai ekonomis penting di Indonesia]. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37019003

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern (AUS); Endangered (Global)

Depth:0-40 m

Fishing:Fished for their fins

Max Size:186 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map