Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Günther 1859)

Other Names: Australian Seabream, Black Bream, Blackbream, Bream, Common Bream, Eastern Black Bream, Sea Bream, Seabream, Silver Bream, Surf Bream, Yellow-fin Bream, Yellow-finned Bream

A Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis, at Shiprock, Port Hacking, New South Wales, September 2015. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

A silvery to olive-green bream with yellowish pelvic and anal fins, a black spot at the upper part of the pectoral-fin base, and dark margins on the dorsal and caudal fins. Individuals in coastal waters are silvery, while those in estuaries are usually darker.

The Yellowfin Bream is an eastern Australian endemic that inhabits estuaries, inshore coastal and mangrove habitats.  This popular angling fish forms a major component of recreational and commercial fisheries throughout its range.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Acanthopagrus australis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Jul 2024,

Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Günther 1859)

More Info


Endemic to eastern Australia from Townsville, Queensland, to the Gippsland Lakes area, Victoria; also Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea (Francis 2019). Inhabits estuaries, mangroves and inshore coastal waters, including bays, coastal rivers, creeks, lakes, and the lower freshwater reaches of rivers, preferring seagrass, mangrove and sandy areas. Postlarvae and juveniles prefer shallow estuarine seagrass beds.



Carnivore - feeds on small fishes and benthic invertebrates including crabs, gastropod and bivalve molluscs, polychaete worms and ascidians.


Yellowfin Bream spawn around river mouths, and females produce planktonic eggs. The eggs hatch after a few days and the larvae and juveniles develop in estuaries. Following spawning, part of the population changes sex from male to female.

Similar Species

Often difficult to distinguish from the Black Bream, Acanthopagrus butcheri. Black Bream are usually darker and have dusky to brownish anal and pelvic fins. The two species are known to hybridise in some landlocked, coastal lakes in southern New South Wales.


The specific name is from the Latin australis (= southern), in reference to its occurrence in “Australian Seas, entering rivers”.

Species Citation

Chrysophrys australis Günther,1859, Cat. fish. Brit. Mus. 1: 494. Type locality: Australia.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Yellowfin Bream, Acanthopagrus australis (Günther 1859)


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Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37353004


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-50 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Estuaries, coastal waters

Max Size:66 cm TL; 4.5 kg


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CAAB distribution map