Aquaculture is the fastest-growing food producing industry in the world. In 2008, the world aquaculture sector produced 52.5 million tonnes of fish, accounting for almost half of the world’s food fish consumption. Most was produced in the Asia-Pacific region, and 11 of the leading 15 aquaculture-producing countries are in this region. Despite major technical advances during the past decade, fish production in the Asia-Pacific is still dominated by small-scale commercial producers. The FAO World aquaculture 2010 publication provides an overview of the global aquaculture status and development trends resulting from a series of regional reviews; Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Near East and North Africa, North America and Sub-Saharan Africa, conducted by FAO in 2010.

Australia is the largest seafood market in the Pacific. Although much of the finfish consumed in Australia is produced by Asian aquaculture industries, 10 fish species are successfully farmed in Australia. This production is dominated by three species: Southern Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus maccoyii), Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) and Barramundi (Lates calcarifer).

FAO publications on the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture are available online at


Bell, J. 2009. Preliminary Assessment of the Effects of Climate Change on Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Pacific. In ADB 2009. The Contribution of Fisheries to the Economies of Pacific Island Countries and Territories. Pacific Studies Series. Asian Development Bank, World Bank, Forum Fisheries Agency, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, and Australian Agency for International Development. 362 pp.

Brugère, C., Ridler, N., Haylor, G., Macfadyen, G. & Hishamunda, N. 2010. Aquaculture planning: policy formulation and implementation for sustainable development. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 542. Rome. FAO. 70 pp.

De Silva, S.S. & Davy, F.B. 2010. Aquaculture successes in Asia: contributing to sustained development and poverty alleviation. In S.S. De Silva & F.B. Davy, eds. Success stories in Asian aquaculture, pp. 1–14. London, Springer.

De Silva, S.S. & Soto. D. 2009. Climate change and aquaculture: potential impacts, adaptation and mitigation. In K. Cochrane, C. De Young, D. Soto & T. Bahri, eds. Climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture: overview of current scientific knowledge, pp. 151–212. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 530. Rome, FAO. 212 pp.
FAO. 2010. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2010. Rome. 197 pp. (also available at

FAO. 2010. Aquaculture development. 4. Ecosystem approach to aquaculture. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries No. 5, Suppl. 4. Rome. 53 pp. (also available at

FAO. 2010. Climate change and aquaculture: opportunities and challenges for adaptation and mitigation. Committee on Fisheries, Sub-Committee on Aquaculture, Fifth Session, Phuket, Thailand, 27 September – 1 October 2010. COFI/AQ/V/2010/6. Rome. 9 pp. (also available at

Hasan, M.R. & Halwart, M., eds. 2009. Fish as feed inputs for aquaculture: practices, sustainability and implications. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 518. Rome, FAO. 407 pp. (also available at

Jalbuena, K.R. 2009. Bluefin tuna successfully spawned in captivity. EcoSeed (available at

Subasinghe, R., Soto, D. & Jia, J. 2009. Global aquaculture and its role in sustainable development. Reviews in Aquaculture, 1(1): 2–9.

Tacon, A.G.J., Hasan, M.R. & Metian, M. Forthcoming. Demand and supply of feed ingredients for farmed fish and crustaceans: trends and future prospects. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 564. Rome, FAO.

World Wildlife Fund (WWF). 2010. Aquaculture dialogues (available at

World aquaculture 2010. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Technical Paper. No. 500/1. Rome, FAO. 2011. 105 pp. pdf

Cite this page as:

Bray, D.J. 2015. Aquaculture, in Bray, D.J. & Gomon, M.F. (eds) Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria and OzFishNet, accessed [date viewed],