Yellow Fangblenny, Meiacanthus luteus Smith Vaniz 1987


Other Names: Gold-stripe Harptail Blenny

A female Yellow Fangblenny, Meiacanthus luteus, at Great Keppel Island, Queensland. Source: Rudie H. Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A fangblenny with a bright yellow stripe running along the upperside bordered by a dark brown to black midlateral stripe and a dusky to dark brown stripe running along the upper back that does not extend onto the the base of the dorsal fin, and broad yellow margins on the dorsal, anal and upper and lower lobes of the caudal fin.
Blennies of the genus Meiacanthus have grooved lower jaw canines with associated venom glands.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Meiacanthus luteus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 Jan 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/1074

Yellow Fangblenny, Meiacanthus luteus Smith Vaniz 1987

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to northern Australia from the North West Shelf, Western Australia, to east of Elliot Heads, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Inhabits turbid coastal reefs.

Features

Dorsal fin IV, 26-27; Anal fin II, 15-18; Pectoral fin 15-16. Males have elongate pelvic fins and caudal-fin lobes.

Colour

A white blenny with a dark brown to black midlateral stripe running from the snout tip through the eye to the caudal-fin base, a dusky to dark brown stripe from above the eye running along the dorsal-fin base, with bright yellow coloration on the head and body between the two stripes.

Fisheries

Meiacanthus blennies have grooved dentary canines with associated buccal glands containing a toxin. These poisonous canines provide considerable protection from predators allowing them to feed over a wide area including in the water column.

Etymology

The specific name luteus means 'yellow' in reference to the brilliant upper body colouration of this species.

Species Citation

Meiacanthus (Meiacanthus) luteus Smith-Vaniz, 1987, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philad. 139: 25, figs 14d-f, 18a. Type locality: Darwin Harbour, NT. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Yellow Fangblenny, Meiacanthus luteus Smith Vaniz 1987

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1976. The saber-toothed blennies, Tribe Nemophini (Pisces: Bleniidae). Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Monographs 19: 196 pp.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1987. The saber-toothed blennies, tribe Nemophini (Pisces: Bleniidae): an update. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 139: 1-52.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Allen, G.R. 2011. Three new species of the fangblenny genus Meiacanthus from Indonesia, with color photographs and comments on other species (Teleostei: Blenniidae: Nemophini). Zootaxa 3046: 39-58.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Allen, G.R. 2019. Meiacanthus solomon, a new fangblenny (Teleostei: Blenniidae) from the Solomon Islands, with a redescription and new records of M. limbatus. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 33: 44-52.    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3268872, open access

Springer, V.G. 2001. Blennidae. Blennies (combtooth and sabertooth blennies), pp. 3538-3546. In K.E. Carpenter & V.E. Niem (eds.) (eds). The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific,  FAO, Rome.
Williams, J.T. 2014. Meiacanthus luteus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 22 April 2015.

Watson, W. 2009. Larval development in blennies. pp. 309-350. In Patzner, R.A., E.J. Gonçalves, P.A. Hastings & B.G. Kapoor (eds). The biology of blennies. Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, USA. 482 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37408054

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Danger:Venomous fangs

Depth:0-40 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:9.5 cm TL

Native:Endemic

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map