Norfolk Cardinalfish, Ostorhinchus norfolcensis (Ogilby 1888)

A Norfolk Cardinalfish, Ostorhinchus norfolcensis, at Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea, 24 December 2008. Source: Erik Schlogl / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A dusky brown cardinalfish with a prominent black spot on the tail base, two broad dusky bars on the body, a pale iridescent blue stripe from the snout through the lower part of the eye onto the gill cover and curving abruptly downwards, a narrow brown stripe above the eye, dark centres on the body scales along the back, and pale centres on the lower body scales.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Ostorhinchus norfolcensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Jun 2024,

Norfolk Cardinalfish, Ostorhinchus norfolcensis (Ogilby 1888)

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Lord Howe Island, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, Norfolk Island and New Caledonia.


The species is named for the type locality, Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea.

Species Citation

Apogon norfolcensis Ogilby 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 2 2(4): 990. Type locality: Norfolk Island.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Norfolk Cardinalfish, Ostorhinchus norfolcensis (Ogilby 1888)


Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.) Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Kozawa, T. 2019. Cardinalfishes of the world. New ed. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, and Okazaki, Aichi, Japan : Anthias, Nexus: 1-198

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203.

Ogilby, J.D. 1888. On a small zoological collection from Norfolk Island. Fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 2 2(4): 990-993 See ref at BHL

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Waite, E.R. 1909. A list of the known fishes of Kermadec and Norfolk Islands, and a comparison with those of Lord Howe Island. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 42: 370-383.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37327124

Biology:Mouth brooder (males)

Depth:1-10 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map