Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)

Other Names: Goldenspot Hogfish, Golden-spot Pigfish, Golden-spot Pig-fish, Golden-spot Wrasse, Goldspot Hogfish, Orange Threadfin Tuskfish

A Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio, at North Solitary Island, New South Wales, January 2001. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution


A large orange-red pigfish with golden-orange spots on the head and anterior body, a yellow spot or bar on the middle of the back followed by a large oval black patch below the soft dorsal-fin base, a large black blotch on the spinous dorsal fin.

Video of a Goldspot Pigfish at Cook Island and Julian Rocks, New South Wales.

A Goldspot Pigfish at Flinders Reef, Moreton Bay, Queensland - depth 12 m.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Bodianus perditio in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Jun 2024,

Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)

More Info


Recorded in Australia from One Tree island in the southenr Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, to Montague Island, New South Wales; also at Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. The species does not occur on Australia's Indian Ocean coast.

Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical western-central Pacific (antiequatorial) from New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island, Tonga and Rapa east to Tuamotu Archipelago and Gambier Islands; Taiwan north to southern Japan. The species is common at New Caledonia.

Inhabits coral and rocky reefs, often over sand or rubble in deeper waters.


Feeds mostly on benthic invertebrates such as molluscs and crustaceans.


Randall & Victor (2013) determined Bodianus astrolumbus to be a valid species found in the southwest Indian Ocean, and that Goldspot Pigfish, B. perditio, did not occur in the Indian Ocean.


The specific name perditio is from the Latin 'perditis' (destruction) in reference to the precarious position in which the vessel 'Astrolabe' found itself around the time the holotype of this species was collected.

Species Citation

Labrus perditio Quoy & Gaimard, 1834. Voyage de découvertes de "l'Astrolabe" Zoologie 9(3): 702, pl. 20(4). Type locality: Tongatabu, Tonga.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Goldspot Pigfish, Bodianus perditio (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)


Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp.

De Vis, C.W. 1883. Descriptions of new genera and species of Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 8(2): 283-289 

De Vis, C.W. 1884. On new fish from Moreton Bay. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 1(3): 144-147 

De Vis, C.W. 1885. New fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 5. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 9(4): 869-887

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.). Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp.

Gomon, M.F. 2006. A revision of the labrid fish genus Bodianus with descriptions of eight new species. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 30: 1-133.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Jordan, D.S. & Snyder, J.O. 1902. A review of the labroid fishes and related forms found in the waters of Japan. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 24(1266): 595-662 figs 1-10

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Ogilby, J.D. 1889. The reptiles and fishes of Lord Howe Island. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 2(3): 51-74 pls 2-3

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp.

Quoy, J.R.C. & Gaimard, J.P. 1834. Voyage de Découvertes de l'Astrolabe, exécuté par ordre du Roi pendant les années 1826–1829, sous le Commandement de M.J. Dumont d'Urville. Zoologie Vol. 9 Part 3 Poissons. pp. 647–720 pls 1–20 Paris.

Randall, J. E.  2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. i-xii + 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E. & Victor, B.C. 2013. Bodianus atrolumbus (Valenciennes 1839), a valid species of labrid fish from the southwest Indian Ocean. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 8: 44-61. PDF Open access

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Russell, B. 2010. Bodianus perditio. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187781A8628520. Downloaded on 09 January 2019.

Speare, P., Cappo, M., Rees, M., Brownlie, J. & Oxley, W. 2004. Deep water fish and benthic surveys in the Lord Howe Island Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters): February 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences. 30 pp.

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384007


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:9-50 m

Fishing:Commercial, recreational fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:46 cm SL

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