Twinspot Puller, Chromis elerae Fowler & Bean 1928


Other Names: Twinspot Chromis, Twin-spot Chromis, Twin-spot Puller

A Twinspot Puller, Chromis elerae, in Fiji. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist.org. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A greyish-brown chromis with a white spot at the rear base of the dorsal and anal fins, a narrow blue margin on the dorsal and anal fins, pectoral-fin base sometimes whitish with a small dark spot on the upper part.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Chromis elerae in Fishes of Australia, accessed 08 Dec 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2314

Twinspot Puller, Chromis elerae Fowler & Bean 1928

More Info


Distribution

Offshore reefs of north Western Australia, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland; also Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific: Maldives east to Micronesia and Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to Australia.
Individuals or small groups inhabit steep outer reef slopes, usually near caves and ledges, often around black corals thickets, large sponges or gorgonian fans, at depths to 70 m, mostly at depths below 20 m.

Features

Dorsal fin XII, 11-12; Anal fin II, 10-11; Pectoral fin 17-18; Lateral line scales 15-17; Gill rakers 26-31.  
Greatest body depth 1.8-1.9 in SL.

Feeding

Feeds on zooplankton in small groups.

Etymology

The species is named elerae in honour of zoologist Castro de Elera, author of de Elera. 1895. Catálogo sistemático de toda la fauna de Filipinas conocida hasta el presente, cited by Fowler & Bean (1928).

Species Citation

Chromis elerae Fowler & Bean 1928, Bulletin of the United States National Museum 100(7): 52, pl. 4. Type locality: Pasacao, Ragay Gulf, Philippines. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Twinspot Puller, Chromis elerae Fowler & Bean 1928

References


Allen, G.R. 1975. Damselfishes of the South Seas. New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 237 pp. 251 figs. 

Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the World. Melle, Germany : Mergus Verlag 271 pp. 

Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G. R. 2001. Family Pomacentridae. pp. in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island.Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Fowler, H.W. & Bean, B.A. 1928. Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. The fishes of the families Pomacentridae, Labridae and Callyodontidae, collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer Albatross, chiefly in Philippine seas and adjacent waters. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 100(7): 1-525 pls 1-49 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Jenkins, A., Carpenter, K.E. & Yeeting, B. 2017. Chromis elerae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T188590A1898659. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T188590A1898659.en. Downloaded on 17 September 2019.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37372041

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:12-72 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:6.5 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map