Cape Armourhead, Pentaceros capensis Cuvier 1829

Illustration of the holotype of the Cape Armourhead, Pentaceros capensis. Source: Modified from Pl. 43, in Cuvier & Valenciennes (1829) Histoire naturelle des poissons, Vol 3. License: Copyright expired

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Pentaceros capensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Jul 2024,

Cape Armourhead, Pentaceros capensis Cuvier 1829

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Lord Howe Island region in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Southeastern Atlantic and western Indian oceans.


Dorsal fin XII-XIII, 12-13; Anal fin IV-VI, 7-9; Caudal rays (prioncipal) 17; Procurrent caudal rays 5 + 4; Gill rakers 5-7 + 15-17; Lateral line pores 43-47; Vertebrae 12-13 + 12.

Scale rows above lateral line 7; scale rows below lateral line 27-31; 11-12 scales between pelvic spine bases; scales along flattened ventral midline from pelvic spine bases to throat.


To 35 cm TL

Species Citation

Pentaceros capensis Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Vol. 3: 30, pl. 43. Type locality: Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Cape Armourhead, Pentaceros capensis Cuvier 1829


Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1829. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 3 500 pp. pls 41-71.

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93 in Hutchings, P. (ed.). Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp.

Hardy, G.S. 1983. A revision of the fishes of the family Pentacerotidae (Perciformes). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 10: 177-220 figs 1-13

Heemstra, P.C. 1986. Pentacerotidae. (pp. 622-623). In Smith, M.M. & P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. MacMillan, South Africa.

Kim, S.-Y. 2012. Phylogenetic systematics of the family Pentacerotidae (Actinopterygii: Order Perciformes). Zootaxa 3366: 1-111. PDF Open access

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37367012

Depth:70-300 metres

Max Size:35 cm TL

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