Golden Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides chrysurus (Ogilby 1889)

Other Names: Gentle Gobbleguts, Golden Cardinal-fish

A Golden Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides chrysurus, from Lord Howe Island. Source: John E. Randall / FishBase. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A small yellowish-brown cardinalfish with a large iridescent spot on the upper part of the gill cover, a small dark spot behind the eye just above the lateral line, a narrow dark diagonal bar on the cheek, a large black blotch on the outer part of the spinous dorsal fin, and a yellowish-orange basal third on the anal, pectoral and caudal fins.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Apogonichthyoides chrysurus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 08 Dec 2022,

Golden Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides chrysurus (Ogilby 1889)

More Info


Capricorn Group, southern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, to Jervis Bay, New South Wales, and the Lord Howe Island region in the Tasman Sea.


Dorsal fin VII +  I,9; Anal fin II,8; Pectoral fin 15; Gill rakers (developed) 8–9.


"Head and body uniform yellowish-brown without ornamentation, excepting an iridescent spot on the opercle; the dorsal, anal, and ventral fins are of a darker shade, and the upper third of the spinous dorsal is jet black, while the basal third of the anal, the pectoral and the caudal fins are brilliant orange." (Ogilby 1889).


The specific name chrysurus is from the Greek chrusos (= gold) and oura (= tail), in reference to the basal third of the caudal fin being “brilliant orange".

Species Citation

Apogon chrysurus Ogilby, 1889, Mem. Aust. Mus. 2(3): 54. Type locality: Lord Howe Island 


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Golden Cardinalfish, Apogonichthyoides chrysurus (Ogilby 1889)


Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 (as Apogon chrysurus)

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp. (as Vincentia chrysurus)

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 (as Vincentia chrysura)

Francis, M.P. 2019. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. figshare. Collection.

Fraser, T. 2006. A new species of cardinalfish (Perciformes: Apogonidae: Apogon) from New Caledonia, with comments and a key to related species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 119(1): 137-142.

Fraser, T.H. 2010. A new deepwater species of the genus Apogonichthyoides (Apogonidae) from the Timor Sea, north-western Australia. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 16(3): 93-100.

Fraser, T.H. & Allen, G.R. 2010. Cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides Smith, 1949 (Apogonidae) with a description of a new species from the West-Pacific region. Zootaxa 2348: 40-56.

Fraser, T.H. & G.R. Allen. 2011. A new cardinalfish of the genus Apogonichthyoides (Perciformes, Apogonidae) from Raja Ampat Islands, with a key to species. Zootaxa 3095: 63-68.

Kuiter, R.H. & Kozawa, T. 2019. Cardinalfishes of the world. New ed. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, and Okazaki, Aichi, Japan : Anthias, Nexus: 1-198.

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203, open access

Ogilby, J.D. 1889. The reptiles and fishes of Lord Howe Island. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 2(3): 51-74 pls 2-3 DOI:10.3853/j.0067-1967.2.1889.481

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 (as Apogon chrysurus and Apogonichthys ahima)

Whitley, G.P. 1959. Ichthyological snippets. The Australian Zoologist 12(4): 310-323 figs 1-3 (described as Apogonichthys ahimsa) See ref at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37327121

Biology:Mouth brooder (males)

Depth:0-60 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:7.5 cm TL


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